Preprint Case Report Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Application of Integrated Geophysical Methods for Site Suitability of Research Infrastructures (RIs) in China

Version 1 : Received: 19 July 2021 / Approved: 21 July 2021 / Online: 21 July 2021 (08:17:01 CEST)

How to cite: Shang, Y.; Yang, C.; Jin, W.; Cheng, Y.; Muhammad, H.; Wang, Y.; Li, K.; Lin, D.; Zhou, M. Application of Integrated Geophysical Methods for Site Suitability of Research Infrastructures (RIs) in China. Preprints 2021, 2021070469 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0469.v1). Shang, Y.; Yang, C.; Jin, W.; Cheng, Y.; Muhammad, H.; Wang, Y.; Li, K.; Lin, D.; Zhou, M. Application of Integrated Geophysical Methods for Site Suitability of Research Infrastructures (RIs) in China. Preprints 2021, 2021070469 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0469.v1).

Abstract

Research Infrastructures (RIs) are essential to achieve excellence in innovative scientific research. However, because of limited land availability and specific geological requirements, evaluating the viability of a site for a new RI can be a challenging task. Stringent safety construction requirements include developing site-specific architectural and geoengineering solutions, minimizing construction disturbances, and reinforcing rock and soil in a timely fashion. For successful development of the RIs in China, such as the Daya Bay Neutrino Laboratory (DBNL), and the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS), an integrated approach of joint geophysical methods including the electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), controlled-source audio-frequency magneto telluric (CSAMT)), gravity and seismic refraction methods, and geological mapping and surveys were carried out. Geophysical parameters, such as electrical resistivity, density, and seismic velocity show inverse proportion to the degree of rock fracturing or weathering. The results show that the low values of geophysical parameters suggest the weathered/fractured rock, while high values reveal the fresh bedrock. The Engineering Geological Suitability Index (EGSI) value can represent the individual EGSI values at a constant and summed over varying depths. EGSI methodology is an improvement on the existing siting process, and has been applied this to CSNS. Our integrated approach provides clearer insight of the subsurface for site suitability of RIs in challenging engineering geological conditions, and removes any ambiguity caused by a single geophysical parameter. The obtained geological knowledge of the area not only provides engineers with much-needed information about the construction conditions of a potential site, but also gives scientists the opportunity to explore the local geology. In this study, we demonstrate our innovative approach for siting RIs, as demonstrated by the synthetic evaluation of the site location and utilization for two established RIs (DBNL and CSNS).

Subject Areas

Research Infrastructures (RIs); Engineering Geological conditions; Integrated geophysical methods; Daya Bay Neutrino Laboratory (DBNL); China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS)

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