Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum)

Version 1 : Received: 19 July 2021 / Approved: 20 July 2021 / Online: 20 July 2021 (16:05:26 CEST)

How to cite: Gibson, L.; Rebas, M.P.; Kemp, J.; Restif, O.; Suu-Ire, R.D.; Wood, J.L.; Cunningham, A.A. Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum). Preprints 2021, 2021070461 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0461.v1). Gibson, L.; Rebas, M.P.; Kemp, J.; Restif, O.; Suu-Ire, R.D.; Wood, J.L.; Cunningham, A.A. Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum). Preprints 2021, 2021070461 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0461.v1).

Abstract

Bats have been identified as the natural hosts of several emerging zoonotic viruses, including paramyxoviruses, such as Hendra and Nipah viruses, that can cause fatal disease in humans. Recently, African fruit bats with populations that roost in or near urban areas have been shown to harbour a great diversity of paramyxoviruses, posing potential spillover risks to public health. Understanding the circulation of these viruses in their reservoir populations is essential to predict and prevent future emerging diseases. Here, we identify a high incidence of multiple paramyxoviruses in urine samples collected from a closed, captive colony of circa. 115 straw-coloured fruit bats (Eidolon helvum). The sequences detected have high nucleotide identities with those derived from free ranging African fruit bats and form phylogenetic clusters with the Henipavirus genus, Pararubulavirus genus and other unclassified paramyxoviruses. As this colony had been closed for 5 years prior to this study, these results indicate that within-host paramyxoviral persistence underlies the role of bats as reservoirs of these viruses.

Subject Areas

chiroptera; Pteropodidae; longitudinal study; Henipavirus; Pararubulavirus

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