Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Variability of Gravel Pavement Roughness: Analysis of the Impact on Vehicle Response and Driving Comfort

Version 1 : Received: 15 July 2021 / Approved: 16 July 2021 / Online: 16 July 2021 (11:58:32 CEST)

How to cite: Žuraulis, V.; Sivilevičius, H.; Šabanovič, E.; Ivanov, V.; Skrickij, V. Variability of Gravel Pavement Roughness: Analysis of the Impact on Vehicle Response and Driving Comfort. Preprints 2021, 2021070370 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0370.v1). Žuraulis, V.; Sivilevičius, H.; Šabanovič, E.; Ivanov, V.; Skrickij, V. Variability of Gravel Pavement Roughness: Analysis of the Impact on Vehicle Response and Driving Comfort. Preprints 2021, 2021070370 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0370.v1).

Abstract

The gravel road pavement has a lower construction cost but poorer performance than the asphalt surface. It also emits dust and deforms under the impact of vehicle loads and ambient air factors. The resulting ripples and ruts are constantly deepening, increasing vehicle vibrations and fuel consumption, reducing safe driving speed and comfort. In this article, existing pavement quality evaluation indexes are analysed, and a methodology for their adaptation for roads with gravel pavement is proposed. This article reports the measured wave depth and length of the gravel pavement profile by the straightedge method of a 160 m long road section in three road exploitation stages. The measured pavement elevation was processed according to ISO 8608, and vehicle frequency response has been investigated using simulations in MATLAB/Simulink. The applied International Roughness Index (IRI) analysis showed that a speed of 30-45 km/h instead of 80 km/h provides the objective results of IRI calculation on the flexible pavement due to a decreasing velocity of vehicle's unsprung mass on a more deteriorated road pavement state. The influence of the corrugation phenomenon of gravel pavement has been explored, identifying specific driving safety and comfort cases. Finally, an increase in the Dynamic Load Coefficient (DLC) at a low speed of 30 km/h on the most deteriorated pavement and a high speed of 90 km/h on the middle-quality pavement demonstrates the demand for timely gravel pavement maintenance and the complicated prediction of a safe driving speed for drivers.

Subject Areas

gravel pavement; roughness; straightedge; power spectral density; international roughness index; vehicle response; driving comfort

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