Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Crop Germplasm: Molecular and Physiological Perspective Towards Achieving Global Crop Sustainability

Version 1 : Received: 14 July 2021 / Approved: 15 July 2021 / Online: 15 July 2021 (13:28:14 CEST)

How to cite: Mondal, R.; Kumar, A. Crop Germplasm: Molecular and Physiological Perspective Towards Achieving Global Crop Sustainability. Preprints 2021, 2021070359 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0359.v1). Mondal, R.; Kumar, A. Crop Germplasm: Molecular and Physiological Perspective Towards Achieving Global Crop Sustainability. Preprints 2021, 2021070359 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0359.v1).

Abstract

Germplasm is a long-term resource management mission and investment for civilization. For both food and nutritional health, the present changing environmental scenario has become an urgent universal concern. Multiple excellent studies have been previously performed, although the advancement and innovation of practices will require the exploration of the potentiality of crop germplasm. In this study, we emphasized (i) germplasm activates, current challenges and ongoing trends of the crop germplasm, and (ii) how the system biology will be helpful to understand the complex traits such as water use efficiency (WUE), and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) to mitigate challenges for sustainable development under growing food requirement and climate change conditions. We focused on a vision for transforming PGR into a bio-digital resource system, for the development of climate-smart crops for sustainable food production. Moreover, this review attempted to address current challenges, research gaps and describe the advanced integrated strategies that could provide a platform for future crop improvement research.

Subject Areas

Artificial intelligence; Core set; Climate change; Nitrogen use efficiency; Omic approaches; Plant genetic resources; Stress; Systems biology; Water use efficiency

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