Preprint Article Version 3 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Kabir Wealth Code: The combined effect of emotional awareness (EA) and intelligence quotient (IQ)

Version 1 : Received: 11 July 2021 / Approved: 13 July 2021 / Online: 13 July 2021 (09:56:34 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 18 October 2021 / Approved: 18 October 2021 / Online: 18 October 2021 (12:52:00 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 6 November 2021 / Approved: 9 November 2021 / Online: 9 November 2021 (13:20:02 CET)

How to cite: Kabir, A.A.; Kabir, R.A.; Nahar, J.; Sengar, R. Kabir Wealth Code: The combined effect of emotional awareness (EA) and intelligence quotient (IQ). Preprints 2021, 2021070283 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0283.v3). Kabir, A.A.; Kabir, R.A.; Nahar, J.; Sengar, R. Kabir Wealth Code: The combined effect of emotional awareness (EA) and intelligence quotient (IQ). Preprints 2021, 2021070283 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0283.v3).

Abstract

Background: Intelligence quotient (IQ) is a measure of intellectual ability of performing, comprehension, and learning. Previous studies reported that intelligence measures predict various measures of job performance and income. Emotional awareness (EA) is the measure of emotional capacity to recognize and make sense of one’s emotions, as well as those of others. A high level of emotional awareness (EA) indicates one can learn from expressed emotions quickly. Both IQ and EA are important for personal and professional success.Objective: This study tests the hypothesis that the average national income rank is best predicted by the combined effect of the population's average intelligence quotient (one's ability to perform and learn) and emotional awareness (ability to recognize and make sense of emotions).Method: The population’s average intelligence quotient (IQ), emotional awareness (EA), and indices of good governance, which include corruption perception index and educational expenses for each country, were obtained from public data sources. The outcome variable was per capita gross national income. All the variables that are statistically significant in univariate analysis were included in the multivariate regression analyses but excluded from the final model if not statistically significant.Result: The total number of countries included in the final analysis was 81 because of missing values in different variables. Intelligence quotient (IQ) and emotional awareness (EA) were found to be highly correlated, at 0.77 and 0.32 respectively, with the per capita gross national income. The independent effects of intelligence quotient (IQ) and emotional awareness (EA) were found significant in the multivariate model after adjusting for measures of good governance. The R square value for the final multivariate model was 0.82. The corruption perception index (CPI) and educational expenses were strongly correlated with other measures of good governance such as democracy index, functioning of government, electoral process and pluralism, political participation, and civil liberty, but these variables were found not significant in the multivariate model. Conclusion: The study concludes the effect of intelligence quotient (IQ) and emotional awareness (EA) are complementary to each other but intelligence quotient (IQ) is a stronger predictor than emotional awareness (EA) for gross national income or wealth. We also find that indicators of good governance, including corruption perception index and educational expenses, have important associations with per capita gross national income. This study implies a nation may build more wealth if the educational system focuses on developing emotional awareness in addition to intelligence. The study concludes the effect of intelligence quotient (IQ) and emotional awareness (EA) are complementary to each other but intelligence quotient (IQ) is a stronger predictor than emotional awareness (EA) for gross national income or wealth. We also find that indicators of good governance, including corruption perception index and educational expenses, have important associations with per capita gross national income. This study implies a nation may build more wealth if the educational system focuses on developing emotional awareness in addition to intelligence.

Keywords

Emotional intelligence; intelligence quotient; national income; wealth code; human capital; corruption perception index

Subject

SOCIAL SCIENCES, Accounting

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 9 November 2021
Commenter: Azad Kabir
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Changed the title and modified the discussion. 
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