Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Impact of Internet use on the income gap among rural residents: A social capital-based analysis of the mediating effect

Version 1 : Received: 7 July 2021 / Approved: 8 July 2021 / Online: 8 July 2021 (13:26:17 CEST)

How to cite: Shangguan, L.; Peng, X. Impact of Internet use on the income gap among rural residents: A social capital-based analysis of the mediating effect. Preprints 2021, 2021070201 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0201.v1). Shangguan, L.; Peng, X. Impact of Internet use on the income gap among rural residents: A social capital-based analysis of the mediating effect. Preprints 2021, 2021070201 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0201.v1).

Abstract

Based on 2010, 2013 and 2015 CGSS data, the impact of Internet use and social capital on the income gap among farmers in the past five years is assessed at three time points using the OLS method and a quantile regression method. The study finds that (1) the income gap among farmers increases continuously in the five-year period, while Internet use plays a positive impact on farmers’ income growth in all five quartiles; the coefficient differences are all significantly negative, indicating that Internet use plays a positive role in alleviating the income gap between high-income and low-income farmer subgroups, and (2) social capital plays a positive role in moderating the income gap among farmers and that Internet use by farmers expands the boundary of social capital, which in turn increases the income level of and alleviates the income gap among farmers.

Subject Areas

Internet use; social capital; income gap between farmers; mechanism

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