Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Life Cycle Assessment of External Vertical Closing Systems: Sealing Masonry vs. Structural Masonry – a Brazilian Case Study

Version 1 : Received: 5 July 2021 / Approved: 6 July 2021 / Online: 6 July 2021 (15:18:55 CEST)

How to cite: Pereira e Silva, C.H.; dos Santos Horta, R.A.; Coelho, L.M.G.; Oliveira, R.D. Life Cycle Assessment of External Vertical Closing Systems: Sealing Masonry vs. Structural Masonry – a Brazilian Case Study. Preprints 2021, 2021070161 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0161.v1). Pereira e Silva, C.H.; dos Santos Horta, R.A.; Coelho, L.M.G.; Oliveira, R.D. Life Cycle Assessment of External Vertical Closing Systems: Sealing Masonry vs. Structural Masonry – a Brazilian Case Study. Preprints 2021, 2021070161 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0161.v1).

Abstract

The civil construction industry is one of the sectors that most consume natural resources in the world and, consequently, one of that generate more waste. Thinking about constructive techniques that generate less impact on the environment is vital to ensure sustainable development. In this scenario, the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has been presented as an internationally recognized approach, that assesses the potential impact of products and services on human health and the environment, throughout its entire life cycle. Aimed to identify construction techniques and vertical closing systems that generate less impact and consumption of natural resources, the impacts generated by the life cycle of the three vertical closing systems most applied in construction sites in Brazil were compared: ceramic brick masonry system (CBr); concrete block masonry system (CBk); and structural blocks masonry system (SBk). The SBk proved to be the least impacting to the “Resource Scarcity”, “Damage to Human Health”, and “Damage to the diversity of Ecosystems” interesting areas. This performance is directly related to the use of cement CPIII type and also by the fact that the SBk consumes less concrete and mortar than the others. Already the "Water Consumption" area, the CBk was the least impacting due to the lower consumption of electricity during its life cycle. The reliability of the results was proven through a sensitivity analysis of the normalization and characterization factors, which consisted of comparing the results obtained by applying two different methodologies. It is believed that the LCA study carried out can assist in the decision-making process regarding the choice of the most sustainable construction method.

Subject Areas

concrete blocks; life cycle assessment; sealing masonry; structural masonry; ceramic bricks

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