Starzonek, S.; Drozd-Rzoska, A.; Rzoska, S.J. Long-Range Static and Dynamic Previtreous Effects in Supercooled Squalene—Impact of Strong Electric Field. Molecules2021, 26, 5811.
Starzonek, S.; Drozd-Rzoska, A.; Rzoska, S.J. Long-Range Static and Dynamic Previtreous Effects in Supercooled Squalene—Impact of Strong Electric Field. Molecules 2021, 26, 5811.
The evidence is presented for the long-range previtreous changes of two static properties: dielectric constant ( ) and its strong electric field related counterpart - the nonlinear dielectric effect (NDE). Notable is the evidence for the functional characterizations of (T) temperature changes by the ‘Mossotti Catastrophe’ formula, and NDE vs. T evolution by the relations resembling one developed for critical liquids. The analysis of dynamic properties based on the activation energy index excluded the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) relation as a validated tool for portraying the evolution of the primary relaxation time. Such a result questions the commonly applied ‘Stickel operator’ routine as the reliable tool for determining the dynamic crossover temperature. It is worth stressing that the strong electric field radically affects the distribution of relaxation times, the form of the evolution of the primary relaxation time as well as the fragility. Obtained results support the concept of a possible semi-continuous phase transition hidden below Tg. Studies were carried out in supercooled squalene, the material with extremely low electric conductivity, strongly elongated molecule, and vitally important for biology and medicine related issues.
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