Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Practice on Meter Dose Inhaler Techniques and Its Associated Factors Among Asthmatic Patients at Debre Markos Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, East Gojjam, Ethiopia: A Prospective Study.

Version 1 : Received: 5 July 2021 / Approved: 6 July 2021 / Online: 6 July 2021 (11:53:16 CEST)

How to cite: Asmare, T.; Belayneh, A.; Dessie, B. Practice on Meter Dose Inhaler Techniques and Its Associated Factors Among Asthmatic Patients at Debre Markos Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, East Gojjam, Ethiopia: A Prospective Study.. Preprints 2021, 2021070140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0140.v1). Asmare, T.; Belayneh, A.; Dessie, B. Practice on Meter Dose Inhaler Techniques and Its Associated Factors Among Asthmatic Patients at Debre Markos Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, East Gojjam, Ethiopia: A Prospective Study.. Preprints 2021, 2021070140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0140.v1).

Abstract

Background: Asthma is ranked 16th among the leading causes of years lived with disability and 28th among the leading causes of disease in the world. Metered dose inhaler remains the principal route for drug administration and it has greater advantages over systemic treatment. In routine use, however, a vast majority of patients make inhalation errors. Suboptimal inhaler technique worsens health outcomes, with poor disease control, and increases the risk of hospitalization. This study aimed to assess practice metered-dose inhalation techniques and associated factors among asthmatic patients at Debre Markos comprehensive specialized hospital, East Gojjam, Amhara region, Ethiopia. Methods: Prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from July 15 to August 30/ 2020. Data were collected through a semi-structured questioner. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 25. Associations between dependent and independent variables were assessed by using binary and multiple logistic regressions. P-values less than 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant in all cases. Results presented in tables, figures, numbers, and percentages. Result: A total of 166 patients had involved in the study, of which 52.4% were females. One hundred eleven (66.9%) of participants had good knowledge of asthma and inhalational techniques with the rest of them had poor knowledge. One hundred eight (65.1%) patients had effective practice on metered-dose inhaler use techniques. Participant's knowledge regarding asthma and meter dose inhaler and marital status has a significant association with their practice of metered-dose inhaler techniques with P-value 0.001 and 0.006 respectively. Conclusion: In this study, most participants are suffering from asthma for a long duration and they have repeated exacerbation. Around two-thirds of patients had good knowledge regarding asthma and meter dose inhaler and practice on metered-dose inhaler techniques. Participants who had poor knowledge and who were unmarried had poor practice on tech metered-dose inhaler techniques. Health education and counseling services should be consistently provided to the clients regarding the proper steps of inhalers use.

Keywords

Asthma; meter dose inhaler; Debre Markos comprehensive specialized hospital; Practice

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