Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

DC Solid-State Circuit Breakers with Two-Winding Coupled Inductor for Low Voltage DC Microgrid

Version 1 : Received: 2 July 2021 / Approved: 5 July 2021 / Online: 5 July 2021 (07:58:00 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Park, J.-M.; Byun, H.-J.; Kim, S.-H.; Kim, S.-H.; Won, C.-Y. DC Solid-State Circuit Breakers with Two-Winding Coupled Inductor for DC Microgrid. Energies 2021, 14, 4129. Park, J.-M.; Byun, H.-J.; Kim, S.-H.; Kim, S.-H.; Won, C.-Y. DC Solid-State Circuit Breakers with Two-Winding Coupled Inductor for DC Microgrid. Energies 2021, 14, 4129.

Journal reference: Energies 2021, 14, 4129
DOI: 10.3390/en14144129

Abstract

Ensuring a protection scheme in DC distribution is more difficult to achieve against pole-to-ground fault than in AC distribution system because of the absence of zero crossing points and low line impedance. To complement the major obstacle of limiting the fault current, several compositions have been proposed related to mechanical switching and solid-state switching. Among them, solid-state circuit breakers(SSCBs) are considered a possible solution to limit fast fault current. However, they may cause problems in circuit complexity, reliability and cost-related troubles due to the use of multiple power semiconductor devices and additional circuit configuration to commutate current. This paper proposes the SSCB with a coupled inductor(SSCB-CI) which has symmetrical configuration. The circuit is comprised of passive components like commutation capacitors, a CI and damping resistors. Thus, proposed SSCB-CI offers the advantages of simple circuit configuration and fewer utilized power semiconductor devices than another typical SSCBs in LVDC microgrid. For analysis, six operation states are described for the voltage across main switches and fault current. The effectiveness of the SSCB-CI against a short-circuit fault is proved via simulation and experimental results in a lab-scale prototype.

Subject Areas

Solid-state DC circuit breaker; Coupled inductor; Pole-to-ground fault protection; LVDC(Low voltage DC) microgrid protection

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