Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

MMTV Prevalence in Breast Cancer Samples in Romania- Do Major Geographical Differences Exist in the World Population?

Version 1 : Received: 29 June 2021 / Approved: 1 July 2021 / Online: 1 July 2021 (11:31:48 CEST)

How to cite: Fekete, Z.; Tertan, B.O.; Raduly, L.; Eniu, D.T.; Buiga, R.; Galatar, M.; Berindean-Neagoe, I. MMTV Prevalence in Breast Cancer Samples in Romania- Do Major Geographical Differences Exist in the World Population?. Preprints 2021, 2021070023 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0023.v1). Fekete, Z.; Tertan, B.O.; Raduly, L.; Eniu, D.T.; Buiga, R.; Galatar, M.; Berindean-Neagoe, I. MMTV Prevalence in Breast Cancer Samples in Romania- Do Major Geographical Differences Exist in the World Population?. Preprints 2021, 2021070023 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0023.v1).

Abstract

Breast cancer, although the most frequently diagnosed malignant tumour in humans, has a less clear aetiology compared to other frequent cancer types. Mouse-mammary tumour virus (MMTV) is involved in breast cancer in mice and dogs and might play a role in the aetiology of some breast cancers in humans, since it has been identified in 20-40% of breast cancer samples in Western Europe, USA, Australia and some other parts of the world population. The purpose of our study was to identify MMTV DNA sequences in breast tissue samples from breast cancer patients operated in our regional centre from Romania. We have selected 75 patients with non-metastatic breast cancer treated with curative intent and searched with PCR the MMTV-like DNA sequence in the breast cancer tissue and normal breast tissue obtained from the same patients. Since none of the examined samples was positive for MMTV-like target sequences on PCR we could not prove that MMTV plays a role in the aetiology of breast cancer in our patient group. This finding is similar to publications of other geographically related research groups and might be due to the fact that only the Mus musculus domesticus mouse species was proven to carry infectious MMTV, but not the Mus musculus musculus species, which is specific to South-Eastern Europe (including Romania) and some parts of Asia.

Keywords

breast cancer; mouse-mammary tumor virus; epidemiology; etiology

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