Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Machine Learning Techniques and Syntactic Pattern Recognition Based Heart Disease Prediction for Smart Health

Version 1 : Received: 28 June 2021 / Approved: 29 June 2021 / Online: 29 June 2021 (11:44:07 CEST)

How to cite: Bandyopadhyay, S.; Dutta, S. Machine Learning Techniques and Syntactic Pattern Recognition Based Heart Disease Prediction for Smart Health. Preprints 2021, 2021060698 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0698.v1). Bandyopadhyay, S.; Dutta, S. Machine Learning Techniques and Syntactic Pattern Recognition Based Heart Disease Prediction for Smart Health. Preprints 2021, 2021060698 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0698.v1).

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) may sometimes unexpected loss of life. It affects the heart and blood vessels of body. CVD plays an important factor of life since it may cause death of human. It is necessary to detect early of this disease for securing patients life. In this chpter two exclusively different methods are proposed for detection of heart disease. The first one is Pattern Recognition Approach with grammatical concept and the second one is machine learning approach. In the syntactic pattern recognition approach initially ECG wave from different leads is decomposed into pattern primitive based on diagnostic criteria. These primitives are then used as terminals of the proposed grammar. Pattern primitives are then input to the grammar. The parsing table is created in a tabular form. It finally indicates the patient with any disease or normal. Here five diseases beside normal are considered. Different Machine Learning (ML) approaches may be used for detecting patients with CVD and assisting health care systems also. These are useful for learning and utilizing the patterns discovered from large databases. It applies to a set of information in order to recognize underlying relationship patterns from the information set. It is basically a learning stage. Unknown incoming set of patterns can be tested using these methods. Due to its self-adaptive structure Deep Learning (DL) can process information with minimal processing time. DL exemplifies the use of neural network. A predictive model follows DL techniques for analyzing and assessing patients with heart disease. A hybrid approach based on Convolutional Layer and Gated-Recurrent Unit (GRU) are used in the paper for diagnosing the heart disease.

Keywords

Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Syntactic Pattern Recognition, Pattern Primitives and Heart Disease

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