Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Experimental Validation of a Microwave Imaging Method for Shallow Buried Target Detection by Under-Sampled Data and a Non-Coperative Source

Version 1 : Received: 21 June 2021 / Approved: 23 June 2021 / Online: 23 June 2021 (10:25:26 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Brancaccio, A.; Leone, G.; Pierri, R.; Solimene, R. Experimental Validation of a Microwave Imaging Method for Shallow Buried Target Detection by Under-Sampled Data and a Non-Cooperative Source. Sensors 2021, 21, 5148. Brancaccio, A.; Leone, G.; Pierri, R.; Solimene, R. Experimental Validation of a Microwave Imaging Method for Shallow Buried Target Detection by Under-Sampled Data and a Non-Cooperative Source. Sensors 2021, 21, 5148.

Journal reference: Sensors 2021, 21, 5148
DOI: 10.3390/s21155148

Abstract

In microwave imaging it is often of interest to inspect electrically large spatial regions. In these cases, data must be collected over a great deal of measurement points which entails long measurement time and/or costly, and often unfeasible, measurement configurations. In order to counteract such drawbacks, we have recently introduced a microwave imaging algorithm which looks for the scattering targets in terms of equivalent surface currents supported over a given reference plane. While this method is suited to detect shallowly buried targets, it allows to independently process each frequency data, hence the source and the receivers do not need to be synchronized. Moreover, spatial data can be reduced at large extent, without incurring in aliasing artefacts, by properly combining single-frequency reconstructions. In this paper, we validate such an approach by experimental measurements. In particular, the experimental test site consists of a sand box in open air where metallic plate targets are shallowly buried (few cm) under the air/soil interface. The investigated region is illuminated by a fixed transmitting horn antenna whereas the scattered field is collected over a planar measurement aperture at a fixed height from the air-sand interface. The transmitter and the receiver share only the working frequency information. Experimental results confirm the feasibility of the method.

Subject Areas

Radar imaging; target detection; experimental measurements; Microwave imaging.

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