Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Influence of Fusarium graminearum Infection on the Accumulation of Mycotoxins in Wheat Grains

Version 1 : Received: 15 June 2021 / Approved: 16 June 2021 / Online: 16 June 2021 (09:34:11 CEST)

How to cite: Cotuna, O.; Paraschivu, M.; Sărățeanu, V.; Partal, E.; Durău, C.C. Influence of Fusarium graminearum Infection on the Accumulation of Mycotoxins in Wheat Grains. Preprints 2021, 2021060429 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0429.v1). Cotuna, O.; Paraschivu, M.; Sărățeanu, V.; Partal, E.; Durău, C.C. Influence of Fusarium graminearum Infection on the Accumulation of Mycotoxins in Wheat Grains. Preprints 2021, 2021060429 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0429.v1).

Abstract

Fusarium graminearum is a dangerous pathogen of the cereals producing mycotoxins (trichothecene and zearalenone) harmful for human and animal health. There were evaluated sixteen winter wheat varieties for their response in conditions of natural infection with F. graminearum in the epidemic year 2019, being well known that accumulation of mycotoxins (DON, ZON and T-2) is induced by different biotic and abiotic factors. Field plot was organized in Latin rectangle randomized with three replicates. For all evaluated wheat varieties were collected field data (incidence, severity and infection degree of the fungus F. graminearum) and laboratory data (mycotoxins concentration in grains) that have been processed using the software JASP (Version 0.14) for descriptive statistics, and exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Microsoft Excel 2019 was used to calculate Pearson’s correlation coefficients. The results showed negative corelation between plants’ density and F. graminearum attack frequency. Positive correlations were found between DON and T-2 and between DON and fungus attack intensity. This work highlights that during a F. graminearum epidemic year some of the most influential factors in the contamination with harmful mycotoxins (DON, ZON and T-2) are: plants density, frequency of the attack on ear, diseased ears and attack intensity on ears.

Subject Areas

Fusarium graminearum; mycotoxins; wheat; natural infection; epidemic year

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