Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Process Analysis of Main Organic Compounds Dissolved in Aqueous Phase by Hydrothermal Processing of açaí (Euterpe Oleraceae, Mart.) Seeds: Influence of Process Temperature, Biomass-to-Water Ratio, and Production Scales

Version 1 : Received: 10 June 2021 / Approved: 15 June 2021 / Online: 15 June 2021 (12:08:40 CEST)

How to cite: da Silva, C.D.M.S.; de Castro, D.A.R.; Santos, M.C.; Almeida, H.D.S.; Lüder, U.; Schultze, M.; Libra, J.A.; Mumme, J.; Hoffmann, T.; Machado, N.T.T. Process Analysis of Main Organic Compounds Dissolved in Aqueous Phase by Hydrothermal Processing of açaí (Euterpe Oleraceae, Mart.) Seeds: Influence of Process Temperature, Biomass-to-Water Ratio, and Production Scales. Preprints 2021, 2021060405 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0405.v1). da Silva, C.D.M.S.; de Castro, D.A.R.; Santos, M.C.; Almeida, H.D.S.; Lüder, U.; Schultze, M.; Libra, J.A.; Mumme, J.; Hoffmann, T.; Machado, N.T.T. Process Analysis of Main Organic Compounds Dissolved in Aqueous Phase by Hydrothermal Processing of açaí (Euterpe Oleraceae, Mart.) Seeds: Influence of Process Temperature, Biomass-to-Water Ratio, and Production Scales. Preprints 2021, 2021060405 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0405.v1).

Abstract

This work aims to investigate systematically the influence of process temperature, bio-mass-to-water ratio, and production scales (laboratory and pilot) on the chemical composition of aqueous and gaseous phases and mass production of chemical by hydrothermal processing of Açaí (Euterpe Oleraceae, Mart.) seeds. The hydrothermal carbonization carried out at 175, 200, 225, and 250 °C, 2 °C/min, biomass-to-water ratio of 1:10, and at 250 °C, 2 °C/min, and biomass-to-water ratios of 1:10, 1:15, and 1:20, in technical scale, as well as at 200, 225, and 250 °C, 2 °C/min, bio-mass-to-water ratio of 1:10, in laboratory scale. The elemental composition (C, H, N, S) of solid phase determined to compute the HHV. The chemical composition of aqueous phase determined by GC and HPLC and the volumetric composition of gaseous phase by using an infrared gas an-alyzer. For the experiments in pilot scale with constant biomass-to-water ratio of 1:10, the yields of solid, liquid, and gaseous phases varied between 53.39 and 37.01% (wt.), 46.61 and 59.19% (wt.), and 0.00 and 3.80% (wt.), respectively. The yield of solids shows a smooth exponential de-cay with temperature, while that of liquid and gaseous phases a smooth growth. By varying the biomass-to-water ratios, the yields of solid, liquid, and gaseous reaction products varied be-tween 53.39 and 32.09% (wt.), 46.61 and 67.28% (wt.), and 0.00 and 0.634% (wt.), respectively. The yield of solids decreases exponentially with increasing water-to-biomass ratio and that of liquid phase increases in a sigmoid fashion. For constant biomass-to-water ratio, the concentrations of Furfural and HMF decrease drastically with increasing temperature, reaching a minimum at 250 °C, while that of phenols increases. In addition, the concentrations of CH3COOH and total car-boxylic acids increase, reaching a maximum at 250 °C. For constant process temperature, the concentrations of aromatics vary smoothly with the temperature. The concentrations of furfural, HMF, and cathecol decrease with temperature, while that of phenols increases. The concentra-tions of CH3COOH and total carboxylic acids decrease exponentially with temperature. Finally, for the experiments with varying water-to-biomass ratios, the productions of chemicals (furfu-ral, HMF, phenols, cathecol, and acetic acid) in the aqueous phase is highly dependent on the biomass-to-water ratio. For the experiments in laboratory scale with constant biomass-to-water ratio of 1:10, the yields of solid ranged between 55.9 and 51.1% (wt.), showing not only a linear decay with tem-perature, but also a lower degradation grade. The chemical composition of main organic compounds (furfu-ral, HMF, phenols, cathecol, and acetic acid) dissolved in the aqueous phase in laboratory scale shows the same behavior of those in obtained in pilot scale.

Subject Areas

Açaí seeds; hydrothermal carbonization; hot compressed water; process analysis, HMF, Furfural, Acetic Acid, Mass Production.

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