Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Physiological Traits of Thirty-Five Tomato Accessions (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in Response to Low Temperature

Version 1 : Received: 14 June 2021 / Approved: 15 June 2021 / Online: 15 June 2021 (09:03:49 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 17 July 2021 / Approved: 19 July 2021 / Online: 19 July 2021 (10:01:59 CEST)

How to cite: Rajametov, S.N.; Lee, K.; Jeong, H.B.; Cho, M.C.; Nam, C.W.; Yang, E.Y. Physiological Traits of Thirty-Five Tomato Accessions (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in Response to Low Temperature. Preprints 2021, 2021060389 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0389.v2). Rajametov, S.N.; Lee, K.; Jeong, H.B.; Cho, M.C.; Nam, C.W.; Yang, E.Y. Physiological Traits of Thirty-Five Tomato Accessions (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in Response to Low Temperature. Preprints 2021, 2021060389 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0389.v2).

Abstract

Tomato is exposure to diverse abiotic stresses. Cold stress is one of harsh environmental stresses and abnormal low temperature affects tomato growth and development including physio- logical disorders, flower drops, and abnormal fruit morphology, causing the decrease of tomato yield and a fruit quality. It is important to identify low temperature-(LT) tolerant tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cultivars relying on different fruit types. This study focused on analyzing physiological traits of 35 tomato accessions with three different fruit types (cherry, medium, and large sizes) under night temperature set-points of 15°C for normal temperature (NT) and 10°C for LT, respectively. Plant heights (PH) of most tomato accessions in LT were remarkably decreased compared to those in NT. The growth of leaf length (LL) and leaf width (LW) was reduced depending on the genotypes under LT. In addition, the number of fruits (NFR), fruit set (FS), fruit yield (FY), and marketable yield (MY) were negatively affected in LT. The variation was further investigated by the correlation analysis, the principal component (PCA), and the cluster analysis. Interestingly, positive correlations between different vegetative and reproductive traits were uncovered. Multivariate analysis including the PCA and hierarchical clustering classified LT-treated 35 tomato accessions into four major groups. The identified accessions were associated with vegetative and reproductive parameters on positive directions and might be utilized for breeding programs on selecting LT-tolerant cultivars.

Subject Areas

Tomatoes; Night low temperature; Physiological traits; Fruit yield; Tomato breeding; 28 correlation coefficients

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 19 July 2021
Commenter: Sherzod Rajametov
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Revised Introduction, Material and Method, Result Parts
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