Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Rise of the Machines: The Inevitable Evolution of Medicine and Medical Laboratories Intertwining with Artificial Intelligence - A Narrative Review

Version 1 : Received: 9 June 2021 / Approved: 10 June 2021 / Online: 10 June 2021 (13:30:26 CEST)

How to cite: Cadamuro, J. Rise of the Machines: The Inevitable Evolution of Medicine and Medical Laboratories Intertwining with Artificial Intelligence - A Narrative Review. Preprints 2021, 2021060295 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0295.v1). Cadamuro, J. Rise of the Machines: The Inevitable Evolution of Medicine and Medical Laboratories Intertwining with Artificial Intelligence - A Narrative Review. Preprints 2021, 2021060295 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0295.v1).

Abstract

Laboratory medicine has evolved from a mainly manual profession, providing few selected test results to a highly automated and standardized medical discipline, generating millions of test results per year. As next inevitable evolutional step, artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms will need to assist us in structuring and making sense of the masses of diagnostic data collected today. Such systems will be able to connect clinical and diagnostic data and to provide valuable suggestions in diagnosis, prognosis or therapeutic options. They will merge the often so separated worlds of the laboratory and the clinics. When used correctly, it will be a tool, capable of freeing the physicians time so that he/she can refocus on the patient. In this narrative review I therefore aim to provide an overview of what AI is, what applications currently are available in healthcare and in laboratory medicine in particular. I will discuss the challenges and pitfalls of applying AI algorithms and I will elaborate on the question if healthcare workers will be replaced by such systems in the near future.

Subject Areas

machine learning; deep learning; neural network; tricorder; laboratory medicine; extraanalytics

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