Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of Electric Moped Scooter Sharing in Berlin: A Technical, Economic and Environmental Perspective

Version 1 : Received: 9 June 2021 / Approved: 9 June 2021 / Online: 9 June 2021 (15:30:13 CEST)

How to cite: Wortmann, C.; Syré, A.M.; Grahle, A.; Göhlich, D. Analysis of Electric Moped Scooter Sharing in Berlin: A Technical, Economic and Environmental Perspective. Preprints 2021, 2021060269 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0269.v1). Wortmann, C.; Syré, A.M.; Grahle, A.; Göhlich, D. Analysis of Electric Moped Scooter Sharing in Berlin: A Technical, Economic and Environmental Perspective. Preprints 2021, 2021060269 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0269.v1).

Abstract

Electric moped scooter sharing services have recently experienced strong growth rates, particularly in Europe. Due to their compactness, environmental-friendliness and convenience, shared e-mopeds are suitable modes of transport in urban mobility to help reduce the environmental impact. However, its traffic-related, economic and environmental effects are merely represented in academic research. We used passenger car traffic data in Berlin generated by the multi-agent transport simulation framework MATSim to develop a python-based simulation, resembling an e-moped sharing system. Based on the results, a total cost of ownership and a life cycle assessment for fleet sizes of 2,500, 10,000 and 50,000 vehicles were conducted. The results indicate that a substantial part of all passenger car trips in Berlin can be substituted. The larger the fleet, the more and longer trips are replaced. Simultaneously, the efficiency in terms of fleet utilization decreases. The scenario with 10,000 e-mopeds offers the lowest total distance-based costs for sharing operators, whereas a fleet consisting of 2,500 vehicles exhibits the lowest environmental emissions per kilometer driven over the expected lifespan of a shared e-moped. Based on the renewable energy potential for 2050 forecasted by the German Federal Environment Agency, a significant overall decline in environmental impacts can be achieved.

Subject Areas

Electric Moped Scooter Sharing; E-Moped; Shared Mobility; Urban Mobility; Life Cycle Assessment; Sustainability; Total Cost Of Ownership; Multi-Agent Transport Simulation; MATSim; Berlin

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