Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Microglial Metamorphosis in Three-dimensions in Virus Limbic Encephalitis: An Unbiased Pictorial Representation Based on Stereological Sampling Approach of Surveillant and Reactive Microglia

Version 1 : Received: 25 May 2021 / Approved: 26 May 2021 / Online: 26 May 2021 (11:47:05 CEST)

How to cite: Creão, L.S.D.S.; Neto, J.B.T.; de Lima, C.M.; dos Reis, R.R.; de Sousa, A.A.; Santos, Z.A.D.; Diniz, J.A.P.; Diniz, D.G.; Diniz, C.W.P. The Microglial Metamorphosis in Three-dimensions in Virus Limbic Encephalitis: An Unbiased Pictorial Representation Based on Stereological Sampling Approach of Surveillant and Reactive Microglia. Preprints 2021, 2021050635 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0635.v1). Creão, L.S.D.S.; Neto, J.B.T.; de Lima, C.M.; dos Reis, R.R.; de Sousa, A.A.; Santos, Z.A.D.; Diniz, J.A.P.; Diniz, D.G.; Diniz, C.W.P. The Microglial Metamorphosis in Three-dimensions in Virus Limbic Encephalitis: An Unbiased Pictorial Representation Based on Stereological Sampling Approach of Surveillant and Reactive Microglia. Preprints 2021, 2021050635 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0635.v1).

Abstract

All neurological diseases have their pathological progress influenced by microglial cells, which react to insults with multiple morphofunctional phenotypes. However, the complete morphological spectrum of the reactive microglia, revealed by the three-dimensional microscopic reconstruction, has not been explored in detail in virus limbic encephalitis. Here, we used anatomical series of brain sections from a previous study using Piry arbovirus encephalitis, expanding the original investigation to CA1/CA2. The morphological response of the homeostatic and reactive microglia was investigated 8 days after infection. The hierarchical cluster and linear discriminant function analysis of multimodal morphometric features allowed to distinguish between the microglial morphology of infected individuals and controls. In order to represent more broadly the morphological spectrum of the microglia of each cluster, representative cells of the homeostatic and reactive microglia were chosen, using the sum of the distances of each cell in relation to all the others. Overall, the multivariate statistical analysis showed that the reactive microglia of infected animals have more complex trees and thicker branches, that cover a larger volume of tissue than the microglia of control animals. With this approach a more reliable representation of the microglia dispersion in the Euclidean space, would be closer to the spectrum of morphotypes of the control and infected groups, and help to avoid hiding the morphological kaleidoscope of surveillant and reactive microglia. As form precedes function in nature, our findings are a good starting point for future research with integrative approaches to microglia form and function.

Subject Areas

Viral encephalitis; Microglia; Quantitative neuropathology; Piry virus; Albino Swiss mice

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