Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Hypergolic Synthesis of Inorganic Materials by the Reaction of Metallocene Dichlorides With Fuming Nitric Acid At Ambient Conditions: The Case of Photocatalytic Titania

Version 1 : Received: 20 May 2021 / Approved: 24 May 2021 / Online: 24 May 2021 (15:58:26 CEST)

How to cite: Chalmpes, N.; Asimakopoulos, G.; Baikousi, M.; Bourlinos, A.B.; Karakassides, M.A.; Gournis, D. Hypergolic Synthesis of Inorganic Materials by the Reaction of Metallocene Dichlorides With Fuming Nitric Acid At Ambient Conditions: The Case of Photocatalytic Titania. Preprints 2021, 2021050584 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0584.v1). Chalmpes, N.; Asimakopoulos, G.; Baikousi, M.; Bourlinos, A.B.; Karakassides, M.A.; Gournis, D. Hypergolic Synthesis of Inorganic Materials by the Reaction of Metallocene Dichlorides With Fuming Nitric Acid At Ambient Conditions: The Case of Photocatalytic Titania. Preprints 2021, 2021050584 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0584.v1).

Abstract

Hypergolic materials synthesis is a new preparative technique in materials science that allows a wide range of carbon or inorganic solids with useful properties to be obtained. Previously we have demonstrated that metallocenes are versatile reagents in the hypergolic synthesis of inorganic materials, such as γ-Fe2O3, Cr2O3, Co, Ni and alloy CoNi. Here, we take one step further by using metallocene dichlorides as precursors for the hypergolic synthesis of additional inorganic phases, such as photocatalytic titania. Metallocene dichlorides are closely related to metallocenes, thus expanding the arsenal of organometallic compounds that can be used in hypergolic materials synthesis. In the present case, we show that hypergolic ignition of the titanocene dichloride-fuming nitric acid pair results in the fast and spontaneous formation of titania nanoparticles at ambient conditions in the form of anatase-rutile mixed phases. The obtained titania shows good photocatalytic activity towards Cr(VI) removal (100 % within 9 h), the latter being dramatically enhanced after calcination of the powder at 500 °C (100 % within 3 h). Worth noting, this performance was found to be comparable to that of commercially available P25 TiO2 under identical conditions. The cases of zirconocene, hafnocene and molybdocene dichlorides are complementary discussed in this work, aiming to show the wider applicability of metallocene dichlorides in the hypergolic synthesis of inorganic materials (ZrO2, HfO2, MoO2).

Subject Areas

hypergolic materials synthesis; metallocene dichlorides; fuming nitric acid; photocatalytic titania; Cr(VI) removal

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