Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Under-Five Mortality in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of Ethiopian Mini Demographic and Health Surveys 2019

Version 1 : Received: 23 May 2021 / Approved: 24 May 2021 / Online: 24 May 2021 (15:12:13 CEST)

How to cite: gilano, G.; Hailegeberael, S. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Under-Five Mortality in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of Ethiopian Mini Demographic and Health Surveys 2019. Preprints 2021, 2021050582 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0582.v1). gilano, G.; Hailegeberael, S. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Under-Five Mortality in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of Ethiopian Mini Demographic and Health Surveys 2019. Preprints 2021, 2021050582 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0582.v1).

Abstract

Introduction: Over decades, much have been said and done regarding under-five mortality in Ethiopia. The country has been following the lead of sustainable development goals and UNICEF with its transformation plan targets. However, unless the efforts supported by status assessing studies, it might be difficult for the country to progress. Thus, the current study was directed to identify the prevalence and associated factors of under-five mortality in 2019. Methods: According to the study criteria, we extract and cleaned data in STATA v. 15.0. The data then weighted as per the sampling weight, primary sampling unit, and strata before analyzing in STATA 15.0. Data management consisted of descriptive (mean, standard deviation, and proportion or percent) and association statistics. We deliberated binary logistic regression for this analysis and we checked each variable at 0.25 p-values to include in the model. The final p-value to declare association was p <0.05 and AOR with 95% CI was also applied to describe the results. The data source was the Ethiopian Mini Demographic Health Survey (EMDHS) 2019. EMDHS collected the data from 8,885 in a face-to-face manner with a 99% response rate. Results: From 5,527 numbers of weighted women with under-five analysed in this study, the proportion of under-five mortality was 277.23(5.02%). Factors like 2nd birth order 0.52(0.35, 0.79), 3rd-4th 0.49(0.28, 0.84), 1-2 ANC visits 0.24(0.12, 0.49, ANC visit three’ 0.14(0.07, 0.28), ANC visit four and above 0.22(0.14, 0.36), in marriage mother 0.43(0.19, 0.96), ‘1-2 under-five children 0.02(0.011, 0.03), and greater than three under-five children 0.007(0.0007, 0.004) were all negatively associated with under-five mortality rate. Conclusion: To obtain the exalted outcome out of this study, the government might need to increase antenatal care, women education, institutional delivery, and the modern contraceptive methods use through enhanced community mobilization, health education using community health workers, increasing access to essential cares of mothers and children, and the policy commitment for the issues related to family size, birth order, and birth interval.

Keywords

under-five; mortality; demographic health survey data; Ethiopia

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