Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Measuring Shared Electrons in Extended Molecular Systems: Covalent Bonds From Plane-Wave Representation of Wave Function

Version 1 : Received: 19 May 2021 / Approved: 21 May 2021 / Online: 21 May 2021 (15:16:47 CEST)

How to cite: La Penna, G.; Tiana, D.; Giannozzi, P. Measuring Shared Electrons in Extended Molecular Systems: Covalent Bonds From Plane-Wave Representation of Wave Function. Preprints 2021, 2021050528 La Penna, G.; Tiana, D.; Giannozzi, P. Measuring Shared Electrons in Extended Molecular Systems: Covalent Bonds From Plane-Wave Representation of Wave Function. Preprints 2021, 2021050528

Abstract

In the study of materials and macromolecules by first-principle methods, the bond order is a useful tool to represent molecules, bulk materials and interfaces in terms of simple chemical concepts. Despite the availability of several methods to compute the bond order, most applications have been limited to small systems because a high spatial resolution of the wave function and an all-electron representation of the electron density are typically required. Both limitations are critical for large-scale atomistic calculations, even within approximate density-functional theory (DFT) approaches. In this work we describe our methodology to quickly compute delocalization indices for all atomic pairs, while keeping the same representation of the wave function used in most compute-intensive DFT calculations on high-performance computing equipments. We describe our implementation into a post-processing tool, designed to work with Quantum ESPRESSO, a popular open-source DFT package. In this way we recover a description in terms of covalent bonds from a representation of wave function containing no explicit information about atomic types and positions.

Subject Areas

delocalization index; bond order; density-functional theory; high-performance computing.

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