Lee, B.; Lee, S.; Lee, Y.; Park, Y.; Shim, J. Emerin Represses STAT3 Signaling through Nuclear Membrane-Based Spatial Control. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2021, 22, 6669.
Lee, B.; Lee, S.; Lee, Y.; Park, Y.; Shim, J. Emerin Represses STAT3 Signaling through Nuclear Membrane-Based Spatial Control. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 6669.
Emerin is the inner nuclear membrane protein involved in maintaining the mechanical integrity of the nuclear membrane. Mutations in EMD encoding emerin cause Emery–Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). There has been accumulating evidence that emerin regulation of specific gene expression is associated with this disease, but the exact function of emerin has still less revealing. Here, we have shown that emerin downregulates Signal transducer and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling, activated exclusively by Janus-kinase (JAK). Deletion mutation experiments showed that the lamin-binding domain of emerin is essential for the inhibition of STAT3 signaling. Emerin interacted directly and co-localized with STAT3 in the nuclear membrane. Emerin knockdown induced STAT3 target genes Bcl2 and Survivin to increase cell survival signals and suppress hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in HeLa cells. Specifically, downregulation of BAF or lamin A/C increases STAT3 signaling, suggesting that correct-localized emerin by assembling with BAF and lamin A/C acts as an intrinsic inhibitor against STAT3 signaling. In C2C12 cells, emerin knockdown induced STAT3 target gene, Pax7, and activated abnormal myoblast proliferation associated with muscle wasting in skeletal muscle homeostasis. Our results indicate that emerin downregulates STAT3 signaling by inducing retention of STAT3 and delaying STAT3 signaling in the nuclear membrane. This mechanism provides clues to the etiology of emerin-related muscular dystrophy and could be a new therapeutic target for treatment.
JAK; STAT3; emerin; muscular dystrophy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.