Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Potential Effects of Delphinidin-3-O-sambubioside and Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. in Ruminant Meat and Milk Production and Quality

Version 1 : Received: 14 May 2021 / Approved: 17 May 2021 / Online: 17 May 2021 (07:52:05 CEST)

How to cite: Lazalde-Cruz, R.; Tirado-González, D.N.; Miranda-Romero, L.A.; Mendoza-Martínez, G.D.; Lara-Bueno, A.; Carrillo-Díaz, M.I.; Tirado-Estrada, G. Potential Effects of Delphinidin-3-O-sambubioside and Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. in Ruminant Meat and Milk Production and Quality. Preprints 2021, 2021050366 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0366.v1). Lazalde-Cruz, R.; Tirado-González, D.N.; Miranda-Romero, L.A.; Mendoza-Martínez, G.D.; Lara-Bueno, A.; Carrillo-Díaz, M.I.; Tirado-Estrada, G. Potential Effects of Delphinidin-3-O-sambubioside and Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. in Ruminant Meat and Milk Production and Quality. Preprints 2021, 2021050366 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0366.v1).

Abstract

The objective was to analyze the effects of adding anthocyanin delphinidin-3-O-sambubioside and cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. in animal diets. Scientific articles published before 2021 in clinics, pharmacology, nutrition, and animal production were included. The grains/concentrate, metabolic exigency, and caloric stress contribute to increasing the reactive oxygen species (ROS); the excess of ROS unbalance the oxidants and antioxidants. Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside and delphinidin-3-O-sambubioside have antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, and anthelmintic activities. In the rumen, anthocyanin might show interactions and/or synergisms with substrates, microorganisms, and enzymes which could reduce the fiber degradability, but increase the potential methane (CH4) emissions; since anthocyanin interferes in the biohydrogenation of fats, they increase the fat milk and meat quality. Anthocyanins reduce plasma oxidation and deposit in tissues, increasing the milk and meat antioxidant activities. Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside and delphinidin-3-O-sambubioside act as inhibitors of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACEi) and rennin expression which may improve milk yield (there is not enough evidence in ruminants, though). Polyphenols affect the reproductive potential. Sub products of HS contain as many amounts of polyphenols as calyces, and their inclusion in diets would positively affect the average daily gain and fat meat quality. Including HS in ruminant diets can improve the meat and milk quality.

Subject Areas

Hibiscus sabdariffa L.; agricultural wastes; anthocyanins; ruminant nutrition; milk and meat production; fat milk and meat quality

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