Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Disentangling the Relationship between Tree Biomass Yield and Tree Diversity in Mediterranean Mixed Forests

Version 1 : Received: 13 May 2021 / Approved: 14 May 2021 / Online: 14 May 2021 (14:05:32 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Bravo, F.; Martín Ariza, A.; Dugarsuren, N.; Ordóñez, C. Disentangling the Relationship between Tree Biomass Yield and Tree Diversity in Mediterranean Mixed Forests. Forests 2021, 12, 848. Bravo, F.; Martín Ariza, A.; Dugarsuren, N.; Ordóñez, C. Disentangling the Relationship between Tree Biomass Yield and Tree Diversity in Mediterranean Mixed Forests. Forests 2021, 12, 848.

Journal reference: Forests 2021, 12, 848
DOI: 10.3390/f12070848

Abstract

Tree biomass and diversity relationship in mixed forest impacts on forest ecosystem services provisions. Tree biomass yield is driven by several aspects such as species identity, site condition, stand density, tree age as well as tree diversity expressed as species mingling and structural diversity. By comparing diverse degrees of tree mixture in natural forests we can insight on the ecosystem services provision level and dynamic. Two monitoring sites in the Castilian Northern Plateau (Spain) have been analyzed to disentangle the relationships between biodiversity levels and tree biomass yield. Two permanent one ha squared plots were established at Llano de San Marugan and Valdepoza. In each plot all individual trees were measured (diameter and height), georeferenced and its species identity defined. Tree species in the two sites were Pinus sylvestris, Pinus nigra, Pinus pinea, Quercus pyrenaica, Quercus ilex, Quercus faginea and Juniperus thurifera. From these datasets ten diversity indices that fall in three categories (species richness indices, species compositional/mingling indices and vertical structural indices) were used as predictor variables to fit several candidate models. By merging the trees by site (without considering the species identity) selected models include individual tree basal area as explanatory variable combining by addition or interaction with diversity indices. When species are analyzed independently structural diversity impacts on biomass yield in combination (additive or multiplicative) with tree size is negative Pinus nigra and positive for the other species.

Subject Areas

Modeling; forest structure; silviculture; pine; oaks; juniper

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