Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Produced Sand Particles and Fines on Scale Inhibitor: A Review

Version 1 : Received: 5 May 2021 / Approved: 7 May 2021 / Online: 7 May 2021 (10:42:36 CEST)

How to cite: Anyanwu, U.C.; Oluyemi, G.F. Effect of Produced Sand Particles and Fines on Scale Inhibitor: A Review. Preprints 2021, 2021050140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0140.v1). Anyanwu, U.C.; Oluyemi, G.F. Effect of Produced Sand Particles and Fines on Scale Inhibitor: A Review. Preprints 2021, 2021050140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0140.v1).

Abstract

Scale inhibitors are deployed as preventive and rejuvenation operation in oil and gas industry when production operations are under threat or menace of scale blockage. The application of scale inhibitors is carried out through a method known as squeezing. In general, the squeeze process is governed by inhibitor-rock interaction which is described by adsorption/desorption isotherm. Most reservoirs produce loose sand grains or fine sand which float and flow within the pore spaces along with the squeezed scale inhibitors. Hypothetical reports have shown that not all scale inhibitors pumped into the formation adsorb onto the formation rock. A number of factors (irreversible adsorption, pH changes, competing ions, concentration and temperature) have been considered to affect the adsorption and return profile of these scale inhibitors. This review work examines the performances of most common scale inhibitors used in the oil and gas production activities, theoretical application in reservoirs and how loose fine sand grains affect the adsorption and desorption characteristics of squeezed scale inhibitors. Additionally, presented were overviews of previous reports on fine sand production and migration of fine sands through formation pores in reservoirs.

Subject Areas

Adsorption; Scale Inhibitors; Fine sands; Colloids; Reservoir

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