Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

One Week Feeding of CDAHFD Induces Steatohepatitis and Mitochondrial Dysfunction with Oxidative Stress in Liver

Version 1 : Received: 5 May 2021 / Approved: 7 May 2021 / Online: 7 May 2021 (09:47:44 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Sugasawa, T.; Ono, S.; Yonamine, M.; Fujita, S.-I.; Matsumoto, Y.; Aoki, K.; Nakano, T.; Tamai, S.; Yoshida, Y.; Kawakami, Y.; Takekoshi, K. One Week of CDAHFD Induces Steatohepatitis and Mitochondrial Dysfunction with Oxidative Stress in Liver. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 5851. Sugasawa, T.; Ono, S.; Yonamine, M.; Fujita, S.-I.; Matsumoto, Y.; Aoki, K.; Nakano, T.; Tamai, S.; Yoshida, Y.; Kawakami, Y.; Takekoshi, K. One Week of CDAHFD Induces Steatohepatitis and Mitochondrial Dysfunction with Oxidative Stress in Liver. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 5851.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 5851
DOI: 10.3390/ijms22115851

Abstract

The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been rapidly increasing worldwide. A choline-deficient L-amino acid-defined high fat diet (CDHFD) has been used to create a mouse model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). There are some reports about the effects on mice of being fed CDAHFD for a long time, 1 to 3 months. However, the effect of this diet over a short period has been unknown. Therefore, we examined the effect of one week of feeding CDAHFD on the mouse liver. Feeding this diet for only one week induced lipid droplet deposition in the liver with increasing activity of liver-derived enzymes in the plasma. On the other hand, it did not induce fibrosis and cirrhosis. Additionally, it was demonstrated that mitochondrial respiration is significantly impaired with severe oxidative stress in the liver by CDAHFD, associated with a decreasing mitochondrial DNA copy number and complexes-proteins. In the gene expression analysis of the liver, inflammatory and oxidative stress markers were significantly increased by CDAHFD. These results demonstrated that one week of feeding CDAHFD to mice induces steatohepatitis with mitochondrial dysfunction and severe oxidative stress, without fibrosis, which can partially mimic the early stage of the NASH in humans.

Subject Areas

CDAHFD; NASH; Mitochondrial dysfunction; Liver; Oxidative stress

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