Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

In-Process Measurement of Three-Dimensional Deformations Based on Speckle Photography

Version 1 : Received: 6 May 2021 / Approved: 7 May 2021 / Online: 7 May 2021 (08:55:13 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Tausendfreund, A.; Stöbener, D.; Fischer, A. In-Process Measurement of Three-Dimensional Deformations Based on Speckle Photography. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4981. Tausendfreund, A.; Stöbener, D.; Fischer, A. In-Process Measurement of Three-Dimensional Deformations Based on Speckle Photography. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4981.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4981
DOI: 10.3390/app11114981

Abstract

In the concept of the process signature, the relationship between a material load and the modification remaining in the workpiece is used to better understand and optimize manufacturing processes. The basic prerequisite for this is to be able to measure the loads occurring during the machining process in the form of mechanical deformations. Speckle photography is suitable for this in-process measurement task and is already used in a variety of ways for in-plane deformation measurements. The shortcoming of this fast and robust measurement technique based on image correlation techniques is that out-of-plane deformations in the direction of the measurement system cannot be detected and increases the measurement error of in-plane deformations. In this paper, we investigate a method that infers local out-of-plane motions of the workpiece surface from the decorrelation of speckle patterns and is thus able to reconstruct three-dimensional deformation fields. The implementation of the evaluation method enables a fast reconstruction of 3D deformation fields, so that the in-process capability remains given. First measurements in a deep rolling process show that dynamic deformations underneath the die can be captured and demonstrate the suitability of the speckle method for manufacturing process analysis.

Subject Areas

speckle photography; in-process measurement; deep rolling process

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