Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Neuropsychological Sequelae in Attention and Memory in Women Victims of Gender-Based Violence and Their Implication in Depression. A Multivariate Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 23 April 2021 / Approved: 28 April 2021 / Online: 28 April 2021 (15:47:08 CEST)

How to cite: Torres García, A.V.; Pérez-Fernández, M.; Vega Hernández, M.C.; Anón Rubio, C. Neuropsychological Sequelae in Attention and Memory in Women Victims of Gender-Based Violence and Their Implication in Depression. A Multivariate Analysis. Preprints 2021, 2021040758 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0758.v1). Torres García, A.V.; Pérez-Fernández, M.; Vega Hernández, M.C.; Anón Rubio, C. Neuropsychological Sequelae in Attention and Memory in Women Victims of Gender-Based Violence and Their Implication in Depression. A Multivariate Analysis. Preprints 2021, 2021040758 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0758.v1).

Abstract

Abstract Women victims of abuse can suffer neuropsychological sequelae that affect memory and attention, as well psychopathological disorders such as depression. These consequences affect their daily life and physical and psychological health. Objective: To analyze sequelae that affect attention and memory, as well a possible association of these sequelae to depression. Method: A total of 68 women victims of gender-based violence participated in the study. The participants were between 15 and 62 years of age and resided in Spain at the time of data collection. The Luria DNA Battery (Neuropsychological Diagnosis of Adults) by Manga and Ramos (2000); and the Beck Depression Inventory were applied. Results: Women victims of gender-based violence suffer neuropsychological sequelae, presenting low short-term memory and attentional control; and score low on the Luria-DNA battery. Of these women, 60% suffer from some relevant type of depression, and there are significant differences according to their degree of memory. Through the HJ-Biplot, a direct relationship was found between memory and attentional control with the total score of the Luria battery. On the other hand, an inverse relationship was found between short-term memory and depression. Lastly, three well-differentiated gender clusters of women victims of gender-based violence were identified. Conclusions: A lower rate of depression is observed in women victims of abuse when they have a more intact short-term memory.

Subject Areas

abused women; neuropsychological sequelae; attention; memory; depression; Luria DNA battery

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