Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Liquid Biopsy: A New Tool for Overcoming CDKi Resistance Mechanisms in Luminal Metastatic Breast Cancer

Version 1 : Received: 23 April 2021 / Approved: 26 April 2021 / Online: 26 April 2021 (12:57:01 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

González-Conde, M.; Yañez-Gómez, C.; López-López, R.; Costa, C. Liquid Biopsy: A New Tool for Overcoming CDKi Resistance Mechanisms in Luminal Metastatic Breast Cancer. J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11, 407. González-Conde, M.; Yañez-Gómez, C.; López-López, R.; Costa, C. Liquid Biopsy: A New Tool for Overcoming CDKi Resistance Mechanisms in Luminal Metastatic Breast Cancer. J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11, 407.

Journal reference: J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11, 407
DOI: 10.3390/jpm11050407

Abstract

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer diagnosed in women worldwide. Approximately 70% of BC patients have the luminal subtype, which expresses hormone receptors (HR+). Adjuvant endocrine treatments are the standard of care for HR+/HER2- BC patients. Over time, approximately 30% of those patients develop endocrine resistance and metastatic disease. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKi) in combination with an aromatase inhibitor or fulvestrant have demonstrated superior efficacies in increasing progression-free survival, with a safe toxicity profile, in HR+/HER2- metastatic BC patients. CDKi blocks kinases 4/6, preventing G1/S cell cycle transition. However, not all patients respond to CDKi, and those who do respond ultimately develop resistance to the combined therapy. Studies in tumour tissues and cell lines have tried to elucidate the mechanisms underlying this progression, but there are still no conclusive data. Over the last few years, liquid biopsy has contributed relevant information. Circulating tumour materials are potential prognostic markers for determining patient prognosis in metastatic luminal BC, for monitoring disease and for treatment selection. This review outlines the different studies performed using liquid biopsy in patients with HR+ metastatic BC treated with CDKi plus endocrine therapy. We focus mainly on those studies that describe possible resistance mechanisms in circulating tumour-derived material.

Keywords

breast cancer; CDK inhibitors; liquid biopsy; resistance mechanisms; therapy

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