Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Monetary Health Co-benefits and GHG Emissions Reduction Benefits: Contribution from Private on-the-road Transport

Version 1 : Received: 18 April 2021 / Approved: 19 April 2021 / Online: 19 April 2021 (13:42:35 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Liou, J.-L.; Wu, P.-I. Monetary Health Co-Benefits and GHG Emissions Reduction Benefits: Contribution from Private On-the-Road Transport. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5537. Liou, J.-L.; Wu, P.-I. Monetary Health Co-Benefits and GHG Emissions Reduction Benefits: Contribution from Private On-the-Road Transport. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5537.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5537
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18115537

Abstract

This is the first study to provide a systematic monetary benefit matrix, including greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction benefits and air pollution reduction health co-benefits, for a change in on-the-road transport to low-carbon types. The benefit transfer method is employed to estimate the social cost of carbon and the health co-benefits via impact pathway analysis in Taiwan. Specifically, the total emissions reduction benefits from changing all internal combustion vehicles to either hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, or electric vehicles would generate an average of US$760 million from GHG emissions reduction and US$2,091 million from health co-benefits based on air pollution reduction, for a total benefit of US$2,851 million annually. For a change from combustion scooters to light- or heavy-duty electric scooters, the average GHG emissions reduction benefits would be US$96.02 million, and the health co-benefits from air pollution reduction would be US$1,008.83 million, for total benefits of US$1,104.85 million annually.

Keywords

Benefit matrix; Benefit transfer method; Benefit per ton; Health; Social cost of carbon; Value of statistical life

Subject

SOCIAL SCIENCES, Economics

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