Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Improved Estimates of the Vertical Structures of Rain Using Single Frequency Doppler Radars

Version 1 : Received: 15 April 2021 / Approved: 19 April 2021 / Online: 19 April 2021 (11:31:30 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 24 April 2021 / Approved: 26 April 2021 / Online: 26 April 2021 (14:09:33 CEST)

How to cite: Jameson, A.R.; Larsen, M.; Wolff, D. Improved Estimates of the Vertical Structures of Rain Using Single Frequency Doppler Radars. Preprints 2021, 2021040462 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0462.v2). Jameson, A.R.; Larsen, M.; Wolff, D. Improved Estimates of the Vertical Structures of Rain Using Single Frequency Doppler Radars. Preprints 2021, 2021040462 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0462.v2).

Abstract

It is important to understand the statistical-physical structure of the rain in the vertical so that observations aloft can be translated meaningfully into what will occur at the surface. In order to achieve this understanding, it is necessary to gather high temporal and spatial resolution observations of rain in the vertical. This can only be accomplished using radars. It can be achieved by translating radar Doppler spectra into drop size distributions which can then be integrated to calculate variables such as the rain fall rate. A long-standing difficulty in using such measurements, however, is the problem of vertical air motion which can shift the Doppler spectra, and, therefore, significantly alter the deduced drop size distributions and integrated variables. In this work, we illustrate the improvement in measured rain structures using a new approach for removing the effect of mean vertical air motion. It is demonstrated that the new approach proposed here not only produces what appear to be better estimates of the rainfall rates, but, also as a consequence, provides estimates of the temporal and spatial regionally coherent updraft and downdrafts occurring in the precipitation. Furthermore, the technique is readily applicable to other radars especially those operating at non-attenuating frequencies.

Subject Areas

Raindrop size distributions (DSD) from Doppler radar; Removing vertical air motion from radar Doppler spectra; Vertical pointing Doppler rain observations

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 26 April 2021
Commenter: Arthur Jameson
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Changed the pdf version
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