Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Phylogenetic Analyses of New Aquatic Hyphomycetes Provide Molecular Evidence for Microthyriaceae (Dothideomycetes, Ascomycota) Anamorph

Version 1 : Received: 16 April 2021 / Approved: 19 April 2021 / Online: 19 April 2021 (09:03:53 CEST)

How to cite: Qiao, M.; Zheng, H.; Guo, J.; Castañeda-Ruiz, R.F.; Xu, J.; Peng, J.; Zhang, K.; Yu, Z. Phylogenetic Analyses of New Aquatic Hyphomycetes Provide Molecular Evidence for Microthyriaceae (Dothideomycetes, Ascomycota) Anamorph. Preprints 2021, 2021040458 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0458.v1). Qiao, M.; Zheng, H.; Guo, J.; Castañeda-Ruiz, R.F.; Xu, J.; Peng, J.; Zhang, K.; Yu, Z. Phylogenetic Analyses of New Aquatic Hyphomycetes Provide Molecular Evidence for Microthyriaceae (Dothideomycetes, Ascomycota) Anamorph. Preprints 2021, 2021040458 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0458.v1).

Abstract

The fungal family Microthyriaceae is represented by relatively few mycelial cultures and DNA sequences. As a result, the taxonomy and classification of this group of organisms remain poorly understood. Here, based on DNA sequences at four gene fragments (nuLSU rDNA, nuSSU rDNA, TEF1 and RPB2) in our analyses of aquatic hyphomycetes from southern China, we identify and report four new genera (Antidactylaria, Isthmomyces, Keqinzhangia, Pseudocoronospora) and thirteen new species (Antidactylaria minifimbriata, Pseudocoronospora hainanensis, Isthmomyces oxysporus, I. dissimilis, I. macrosporus, I. relanceatus, Keqinzhangia aquatica, Triscelophorus anakonajensis, T. anisopterioides, T. guizhouensis, T. mugecuoensis, T. multibrachiatus, T. neoseptatus; new combinations Isthmomyces asymmetrica, I. basitruncata, I. geniculata, I. lanceata, I. minima, I. rotundata) belonging to Microthyriaceae. Our results provided the first molecular evidence of asexual morph of this family and strengthened the phylogenetic placement of the family in class Dothideomycetes. The addition of these new taxa made Microthyriaceae the largest family comprising freshwater asexual genera in Pleosporomycetidae. In addition, we confirmed the monophyly of the genus Triscelophorus, the paraphyly of the genus Isthmolongispora, and revised 6 new combinations in Isthmolongispora. ITS barcoding of 13 species were also provided to help identify aquatic hyphomycetes in the future. Our results suggest that the asexual genera and sexual genera identified so far within this family have completely different ecological niches.

Subject Areas

Microthyriaceae; aquatic hyphomycetes; asexual genera; phylogeny

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