Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Educational Video Improves the Knowledge about Outpatients’ Usage of Antibiotics in Hospital

Version 1 : Received: 8 April 2021 / Approved: 9 April 2021 / Online: 9 April 2021 (10:23:20 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Herawati, F.; Yulia, R.; Arifin, B.; Frasetyo, I.; Setiasih; Woerdenbag, H.J.; Avanti, C.; Andrajati, R. Educational Video Improves Knowledge about Outpatients’ Usage of Antibiotics in Two Public Hospitals in Indonesia. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 606. Herawati, F.; Yulia, R.; Arifin, B.; Frasetyo, I.; Setiasih; Woerdenbag, H.J.; Avanti, C.; Andrajati, R. Educational Video Improves Knowledge about Outpatients’ Usage of Antibiotics in Two Public Hospitals in Indonesia. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 606.

Journal reference: Antibiotics 2021, 10, 606
DOI: 10.3390/antibiotics10050606

Abstract

Irrational use or misuse of antibiotics, particularly by outpatients, increases antibiotic resistance. A lack of public knowledge about ‘Responsible use of antibiotics’ and ‘How to obtain antibiotics’ is a major cause of this. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an educational video about antibiotics and antibiotics use to increase outpatient's knowledge in two public hospitals in East Java, Indonesia. A quasi-experimental research setting was used with a one-group pretest-posttest design, carried out from November 2018 to January 2019. The study population consisted of outpatients, to whom antibiotics were prescribed, in two public hospitals in East Java, Indonesia. Participants were selected using a purposive sampling technique; 98 outpatients at MZ General Hospital in S regency and 96 at SG General Hospital in L regency were included. A questionnaire was used to measure the respondents’ knowledge and consisted of five domains, i.e. definition of infections and antibiotics, obtaining the antibiotics, directions of use, storage instructions, antibiotic resistance. The knowledge test score was the total score of the Guttman scale (a dichotomy of ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answers). To determine the significance of the difference in knowledge before and after providing the educational video and in the knowledge score between hospitals, the (paired) Student’s t-test was applied. The educational videos significantly improved outpatients' knowledge, which increased with 41% in MZ General Hospital and 42% in SG General Hospital. An educational video is a useful method to improve the knowledge of the outpatients regarding antibiotics.

Keywords

information media; video; patient’ knowledge; antibiotic use; antibiotic resistance

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.