Adini, A.; Adini, I.; Grad, E.; Tal, Y.; Danenberg, H.D.; Kang, P.M.; Matthews, B.D.; D’Amato, R.J. The Prominin-1-Derived Peptide Improves Cardiac Function Following Ischemia. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2021, 22, 5169.
Adini, A.; Adini, I.; Grad, E.; Tal, Y.; Danenberg, H.D.; Kang, P.M.; Matthews, B.D.; D’Amato, R.J. The Prominin-1-Derived Peptide Improves Cardiac Function Following Ischemia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 5169.
Myocardial infarction (MI) remains the leading cause of death in the western world. Although medical advancements have been made in interventional revascularization technologies, a large percentage of patients are not candidates for them due to co-morbidities or lack of local resources. Thus, there remains a need for the development of novel non-invasive strategies to treat MI. Approaches to accelerate revascularization within ischemic tissues through angiogenesis by providing Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) in protein or gene form has been shown to be effective in animal models but not in humans likely due to its short half-life and systemic toxicity. We previously showed that a small peptide (PR1P) we developed stabilizes VEGF in its active dimer state, increases VEGF binding to its receptors and potentiates VEGF activity. Here we show that systemic PR1P treatment targeted, stabilized and upregulated endogenous VEGF within ischemic myocardium following left coronary artery surgery in mice and rats. Targeted VEGF upregulation led to augmentation of heart function at two weeks following surgery. We conclude that PR1P is a potential candidate therapeutic for MI.
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