Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Factors Associated with Regular Zumba Practice to Reduce Prevalence of Non-communicable Diseases: A Population-Based Approach in Cebu and Mactan, the Philippines

Version 1 : Received: 2 April 2021 / Approved: 5 April 2021 / Online: 5 April 2021 (15:57:11 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yamasaki, J.; Sakisaka, K.; Mission, P.A.; Soluta, N.G.; delos Santos, N.J.V.; Palaca, J.V.; Pacalioga, R.P.O. Factors Associated with Regular Zumba Practice as Preliminary Results: A Population-Based Approach in Cebu Province, the Philippines. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5339. Yamasaki, J.; Sakisaka, K.; Mission, P.A.; Soluta, N.G.; delos Santos, N.J.V.; Palaca, J.V.; Pacalioga, R.P.O. Factors Associated with Regular Zumba Practice as Preliminary Results: A Population-Based Approach in Cebu Province, the Philippines. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5339.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5339
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18105339

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight/obesity in the adult population in the Philippines has doubled in the past 20 years. Zumba exercise has recently been implemented throughout the Philippines. However, there is scarce information on the effects of Zumba on obesity and Zumba participants’ characteristics in the Philippines. This study described the current practice of Zumba in the Philippines, along with the practitioners’ characteristics, and identified factors associated with Zumba participation. In this observational, cross-sectional study, a structured questionnaire was used to survey 10 Zumba locations in September 2019. Anthropometric measurements of participants were assessed. Respondents included 171 women (88.6%) and 22 men (11.4%), with a mean (±SD) age of 44.1 (± 8.9) years. All respondents answered that Zumba was enjoyable, and some answered “very enjoyable.” Determinants of frequent participation were as follows: being older than the mean age of participants, starting Zumba to enjoy dancing, starting Zumba not to lose weight, shopping mall location, and participation fee required. “To enjoy dance” being a motivation for Zumba practice was identified as a determinant of frequent participation, rather than “to lose weight.” The element of “enjoyable” may strongly influence continuation and frequent participation of Zumba exercise in the Philippines.

Keywords

Philippines; Cebu city; physical activity; Zumba, exercise; non-communicable diseases

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