Preprint Review Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Complementary and Alternative Therapy for Pain and Anxiety in Cardiovascular Disease: A Literature Review

Version 1 : Received: 2 April 2021 / Approved: 5 April 2021 / Online: 5 April 2021 (12:16:53 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 15 April 2021 / Approved: 15 April 2021 / Online: 15 April 2021 (12:56:29 CEST)

How to cite: Sri Wahyuningsih, I.; Glorino Rumambo Pandin, M. Complementary and Alternative Therapy for Pain and Anxiety in Cardiovascular Disease: A Literature Review. Preprints 2021, 2021040114 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0114.v2). Sri Wahyuningsih, I.; Glorino Rumambo Pandin, M. Complementary and Alternative Therapy for Pain and Anxiety in Cardiovascular Disease: A Literature Review. Preprints 2021, 2021040114 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0114.v2).

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease is the first leading cause of death in the world. Patients with cardiovascular disease may experience various problems, including physiological and psychological problems. Apart from pharmacological therapy, complementary therapy is necessary as a support to conventional medicine. This review aims to describe complementary and alternative therapies for pain and anxiety in patients with cardiovascular disease. This review utilized data from ProQuest, ScienceDirect, and PubMed with search keywords of "Complementary" AND "Nursing" AND "Pain" AND "Anxiety" AND "Coronary artery disease". Ten articles that met the inclusion criteria were analyzed. The results show that nursing actions increasingly develop along with the patient needs. One form of holistic nursing action is complementary and alternative therapy (CAT) that consists of three categories: body-based methods, mind therapies, and sensory therapies. CAT has positive impacts on patients with heart disease. It can reduce anxiety and pain, lower blood pressure, and improve the quality of life. This review also shows that CAT has a positive impact on the recovery of patients with heart disease. Proper therapeutic management should be implemented to reduce the risks of physiological and psychological problems in patients.

Keywords

Anxiety, complementary therapies, coronary artery disease, pain

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 15 April 2021
Commenter: Indah Sri Wahyuningsih
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: The changes to some of the contents in my article are as follows:
1. Addition one article to the results table
2. Addition of references to the discussion, at the point of body based methods, mind therapies and sensory therapies
3. Additional discussion on points Complementary and alternative therapy based on philosophical theory
4. Addition of customized references to the bibliography
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