Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Concentration of selenium and other minerals and their relationship in soils and fodder plants in Kosovo

Version 1 : Received: 31 March 2021 / Approved: 1 April 2021 / Online: 1 April 2021 (16:17:35 CEST)

How to cite: Ademi, A.; Singh, B.R.; Bernhoft, A.; Bytyqi, H. Concentration of selenium and other minerals and their relationship in soils and fodder plants in Kosovo. Preprints 2021, 2021040030 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0030.v1). Ademi, A.; Singh, B.R.; Bernhoft, A.; Bytyqi, H. Concentration of selenium and other minerals and their relationship in soils and fodder plants in Kosovo. Preprints 2021, 2021040030 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0030.v1).

Abstract

Minerals play many important functions in plant and animal metabolism. Therefore, we investigated the concentration of Se and other minerals and their relationships in soils and fodder plants in Kosovo. Seventy-three samples of each soil and fodder plants (grass, maize, and wheat) from 30 farms were collected. Both soil and plant samples, after processing and digestion, were analyzed for mineral concentration by ICP-MS. Mineral concentrations in soil and fodder crops, and the best predicting/explanatory models for micro minerals concentration, achieved by stepwise linear regression, are presented. Results showed very low concentration of Se in most of the soil and all fodder samples. In addition, the concentration of Co, Zn and Fe was not sufficient to satisfy requirements for all categories of farm animals. Plant Se concentration showed a positive relationship with Se concentration in soils. Plant Zn, Mo, Mn, Fe and Pb, in general, showed no significant relationship with their concentration in soil, while plant Co and Cd showed positive relationship only in maize, and Cu in wheat grain. Among the soil properties, pH had the highest effect on the concentrations of Co, Mo, Mn, Cd and Pb in fodder crops.

Subject Areas

micro minerals, selenium, deficiency, soil-plant relationship, Kosovo

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