Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Association of Edentulism With Various Chronic Diseases in Mexican Elders 60+ Years: Results of a Population-Based Survey

Version 1 : Received: 22 March 2021 / Approved: 24 March 2021 / Online: 24 March 2021 (11:38:36 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Casanova-Rosado, A.J.; Casanova-Rosado, J.F.; Minaya-Sánchez, M.; Robles-Minaya, J.L.; Casanova-Sarmiento, J.A.; Márquez-Corona, M.L.; Pontigo-Loyola, A.P.; Isla-Granillo, H.; Mora-Acosta, M.; Márquez-Rodríguez, S.; Medina-Solís, C.E.; Maupomé, G. Association of Edentulism with Various Chronic Diseases in Mexican Elders 60+ Years: Results of a Population-Based Survey. Healthcare 2021, 9, 404. Casanova-Rosado, A.J.; Casanova-Rosado, J.F.; Minaya-Sánchez, M.; Robles-Minaya, J.L.; Casanova-Sarmiento, J.A.; Márquez-Corona, M.L.; Pontigo-Loyola, A.P.; Isla-Granillo, H.; Mora-Acosta, M.; Márquez-Rodríguez, S.; Medina-Solís, C.E.; Maupomé, G. Association of Edentulism with Various Chronic Diseases in Mexican Elders 60+ Years: Results of a Population-Based Survey. Healthcare 2021, 9, 404.

Journal reference: Healthcare 2021, 9, 404
DOI: 10.3390/healthcare9040404

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association of edentulism with different chronic diseases in Mexicans aged 60 years and over. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using data from the World Health Survey for Mexico, which had a probabilistic, multi-stage and cluster sampling. The results of the self-report of chronic diseases (diabetes, arthritis, depression, angina pectoris, asthma and schizophrenia) and of edentulism were analyzed. Dental data were available for 20 of the 32 States of the Mexican Republic. Statistical analysis was performed in Stata 14.0 using the svy module for complex samples. Results: In total, 4213 subjects were included, representing a population of 7,576,057 individuals. The mean age was 70.13 ± 7.82 years (limits 60 to 98). Women represented 56.2%. The chronic diseases analyzed were presented as follows: diabetes 15.0% (N = 1,132,693); arthritis 13.2% (N = 1,001,667); depression 5.5% (N = 414,912); angina pectoris 4.5% (344,315); asthma 3.6% (N = 269,287); and schizophrenia 2.2% (N = 16,988). The prevalence of edentulism was 26.3%, which represents 1,993,463 people aged 60 years and over with this characteristic. For the presence of angina in women aged 60 to 69 years (p <0.05) and depression in men aged 70 years and over (p <0.0001), a higher prevalence of edentulism was observed. Conclusions: In general, there was no observation of association between edentulism was observed on the different chronic diseases included in the study. In the stratified analysis, only in women aged 60 to 69 years, for angina, and in men aged 70 and over, for depression, were associated.

Keywords

Oral health; edentulism; chronic diseases; elders; Mexico

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