Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Optimizing Site Selection of New Cities in the Desert Using Environmental Geomorphology and GIS: A Case Study of Kuwait

Version 1 : Received: 22 March 2021 / Approved: 23 March 2021 / Online: 23 March 2021 (16:53:17 CET)

How to cite: Hassan, A.; Alfaraj, M.; Fayad, M.; Allen, C.D. Optimizing Site Selection of New Cities in the Desert Using Environmental Geomorphology and GIS: A Case Study of Kuwait. Preprints 2021, 2021030574 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0574.v1). Hassan, A.; Alfaraj, M.; Fayad, M.; Allen, C.D. Optimizing Site Selection of New Cities in the Desert Using Environmental Geomorphology and GIS: A Case Study of Kuwait. Preprints 2021, 2021030574 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0574.v1).

Abstract

Choosing the optimal location for a city based on sound environmental geomorphology planning is of the utmost importance to achieving environmental sustainability, as it can spare the State and other decision-making entities a great deal of stress in the long run. GIS offers great potential for environmental planners to choose the most appropriate places for the cities of the future, especially when coupled with environmental geomorphological analyses. The State of Kuwait seeks sustainable development through the implementation of clear and specific urban plans, some of which suffer from a severe lack of geomorphological and spatially based environmental planning. This study aims to: 1) Conduct suitability modelling for establishing new cities in Kuwait, 2) Assess the current 2005-2030 urban plan, and 3) Propose possible recommendations and solutions for potential urban problems. The study relies on integrating several methods to devise a framework that will aid researchers and decision-makers in selecting optimal locations for built structures based on analysis and modelling (e.g., digital elevation model, geologic mapping, geomorphology, natural hazards, heritage/archaeological sites, military areas, oil fields, soils). Using this methodology in choosing city sites contributes to achieving sustainable development, reducing city problems, saving countries’ budgets, and saving lives. Results from this study enhance understanding of how environmental geomorphology, when combined with GIS, can be harnessed to achieve sustainable urban development in the Arabian Gulf countries and other desert countries.

Keywords

Environmental geomorphology; Urban Geomorphology; GIS- Suitability modeling; RS

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