Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Non-Invasive Reproductive Hormone Monitoring in Endangered Pygmy Hog (Porcula salvania)

Version 1 : Received: 17 March 2021 / Approved: 18 March 2021 / Online: 18 March 2021 (12:22:10 CET)

How to cite: Kumar, V.; Buragohain, S.; Deka, P.J.; Narayan, G.; Umapathy, G. Non-Invasive Reproductive Hormone Monitoring in Endangered Pygmy Hog (Porcula salvania). Preprints 2021, 2021030479 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0479.v1). Kumar, V.; Buragohain, S.; Deka, P.J.; Narayan, G.; Umapathy, G. Non-Invasive Reproductive Hormone Monitoring in Endangered Pygmy Hog (Porcula salvania). Preprints 2021, 2021030479 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0479.v1).

Abstract

The Pygmy hog (Porcula Salvania), till recently, classified as a critically endangered suid, is facing the threat of extinction globally due to habitat degradation. Efforts are being made to protect the pygmy hogs from extinction and breed them in captivity under Pygmy Hog Conservation Pro-gramme (PHCP). However, very little information is available on the reproductive physiology of pygmy hogs. Therefore, the present study aimed to standardize enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for monitoring pregnancy and reproductive status using progesterone and testosterone metabolites. A total of 785 faecal samples were collected from five females and two males over a period of one year from PHCP Research and Breeding Centre, Guwahati, Assam. High-pressure liquid chro-matography (HPLC) analysis revealed the presence of immunoreactive progesterone and testos-terone metabolites in faeces. Mating was observed in all the five females and four of them gave birth successfully. We were able to detect pregnancy using faecal progesterone metabolites. Based on mating and parturition, the mean gestation period was estimated to be 153.25 days from four females. The breeding centre recorded 172 births between 1996 and 2000 and found strong sea-sonality in births and most of the births were between May and June. Faecal testosterone metabo-lites were significantly higher in the breeding season than the non-breeding season. This is the first study and will help in future breeding programs in other captive breeding centres and reproduc-tive monitoring of reintroduced populations.

Subject Areas

Pygmy hog; Porcula salvania; Progesterone; Testosterone; Faecal hormone; Pregnancy detection

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