Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dirac 4x1 Wavefunction Recast into a 4x4 Type Wavefunction

Version 1 : Received: 16 March 2021 / Approved: 17 March 2021 / Online: 17 March 2021 (11:54:07 CET)

How to cite: Nyambuya, G.G. Dirac 4x1 Wavefunction Recast into a 4x4 Type Wavefunction. Preprints 2021, 2021030439. Nyambuya, G.G. Dirac 4x1 Wavefunction Recast into a 4x4 Type Wavefunction. Preprints 2021, 2021030439.


As currently understood, the Dirac theory employs a 4 x1 type wavefunction. This 4x1 Dirac wavefunction is acted upon by a 4x4 Dirac Hamiltonian operator, in which process, four independent particle solutions result. Insofar as the real physical meaning and distinction of these four solutions, it is not clear what these solutions really mean. We demonstrate herein that these four independent particle solutions can be brought together under a single roof wherein the Dirac wavefunction takes a new form as a 4x4 wavefunction. In this new formation of the Dirac wavefunction, these four particle solutions precipitate into three distinct and mutuality dependent particles that are eternally bound in the same region of space. Given that Quarks are readily found in a mysterious threesome cohabitation-state eternally bound inside the Proton and Neutron, we make the suggestion that these Dirac particles might be Quarks. For the avoidance of speculation, we do not herein explore this idea further but merely present it as a very interesting idea worthy of further investigation. We however must say that, in the meantime, we are looking further into this very interesting idea, with the hope of making inroads in the immediate future.


Dirac equation --- modified Dirac equation --- quarks --- particle physics


Physical Sciences, Acoustics

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