Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Variation of Deoxynivalenol levels in Corn and Its Products Available in Retail Markets of Punjab, Pakistan and Estimation of Risk Assessment

Version 1 : Received: 13 March 2021 / Approved: 15 March 2021 / Online: 15 March 2021 (12:04:05 CET)

How to cite: Iqbal, S.Z.; Razis, A.F.A.; Usman, S.; Ali, N.B.; Asi, M.R. Variation of Deoxynivalenol levels in Corn and Its Products Available in Retail Markets of Punjab, Pakistan and Estimation of Risk Assessment. Preprints 2021, 2021030378 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0378.v1). Iqbal, S.Z.; Razis, A.F.A.; Usman, S.; Ali, N.B.; Asi, M.R. Variation of Deoxynivalenol levels in Corn and Its Products Available in Retail Markets of Punjab, Pakistan and Estimation of Risk Assessment. Preprints 2021, 2021030378 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0378.v1).

Abstract

The study focused on investigating the natural incidence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in corn and products from corn producing districts of Punjab, Pakistan. The analysis was carried out using HPLC with UV detector and immunoaffinity cleanup columns. The detection limit (LOD) and limit of quantification were 25 and 50 µg/kg, respectively. Total 1220 samples of corn and products were analyzed to detect the DON, and 539 (44.2%) samples were observed to be contaminated with DON (n ≥ LOD). Furthermore, 92 (7.5%) samples of corn & products have DON levels, elevated than the proposed limits of the EU. The data is significantly different from a normal distribution for DON in corn and products samples and from different locations (p < 0.05) for Shapiro-Wilk and Kolmogorov-Smirnov values. However, a significant difference in DON levels was found between corn and corn derived-products types (p ≤ 0.05). The lowest and highest exposure & hazard quotient (HQ) of 0.92 and 9.68 µg/kg bw/d were documented in cornflour samples.

Subject Areas

DON; corn; corn products; exposure; risk assessment

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