Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Distribution of Insect in Protected Forest Area in Ambon City

Version 1 : Received: 5 March 2021 / Approved: 9 March 2021 / Online: 9 March 2021 (10:03:23 CET)

How to cite: latumahina, F. Distribution of Insect in Protected Forest Area in Ambon City. Preprints 2021, 2021030254 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0254.v1). latumahina, F. Distribution of Insect in Protected Forest Area in Ambon City. Preprints 2021, 2021030254 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0254.v1).

Abstract

Insects are the dominant group of organisms and act as indicators of biodiversity, ecosystem health, and landscape degradation. The research objective was to determine the spread of insects in the Mount Nona Ambon Protected Forest. The research was conduct in January - March 2020 using Pitfall traps, light traps, Sweep nets, Bait traps, namely detergent, sugar solution and tuna fish. The research was carried out in 2 ha as many as five lanes with a systematic inventory sampling method where the length of the line was 100 meters, 20 m wide and 20 m spacing between lanes. The analysis use descriptively quantitative by calculating the Diversity Index (H ') of Shannon Winner, Abundance Index (K), Dominance Index (C) and Evenness Index. The results of the study found 4063 individuals, 13 species in five orders. The Hymenoptera order dominated the spread of insects in the protected forest of Mount Nona, the Formicidae family with the smallest number of 12 individuals, namely Isodontia auripes from the order Hymenoptera family Sphecidae, and the largest number of them was Anoplolepis gracilipes with 401 individuals from the order Hymenoptera family Formicidae. The difference in insects' spread in the observation path is thought to be caused by differences in microclimate, altitude, vegetation cover, insect movement, light intensity and food availability.

Subject Areas

Insects; Diversity; ecosystem health; Ambon

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