Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Cold Brew Coffee – Pilot Studies on Definition, Extraction, Consumer Preference, Chemical Characterization and Microbiological Hazards

Version 1 : Received: 3 March 2021 / Approved: 4 March 2021 / Online: 4 March 2021 (12:29:53 CET)

How to cite: Claassen, L.; Rinderknecht, M.; Porth, T.; Röhnisch, J.; Seren, H.Y.; Scharinger, A.; Gottstein, V.; Noack, D.; Schwarz, S.; Winkler, G.; Lachenmeier, D.W. Cold Brew Coffee – Pilot Studies on Definition, Extraction, Consumer Preference, Chemical Characterization and Microbiological Hazards. Preprints 2021, 2021030158 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0158.v1). Claassen, L.; Rinderknecht, M.; Porth, T.; Röhnisch, J.; Seren, H.Y.; Scharinger, A.; Gottstein, V.; Noack, D.; Schwarz, S.; Winkler, G.; Lachenmeier, D.W. Cold Brew Coffee – Pilot Studies on Definition, Extraction, Consumer Preference, Chemical Characterization and Microbiological Hazards. Preprints 2021, 2021030158 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0158.v1).

Abstract

Cold brew coffee is a new trend in coffee industry. This paper presents pilot studies into several aspect of this beverage. Using an online survey, the current practices of cold brew coffee preparation were investigated identifying a rather large variability with a preference for extraction of medium roasted Arabica coffee using 50-100 g/l at 8°C for about 1 day. Sensory testing using ranking and triangle tests showed that cold brew may be preferred over iced coffee (cooled down hot extracted coffee). Extraction experiments at different conditions combined with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis showed that the usual extraction time may be longer than necessary as most compounds are extracted within only a few hours, while increasing turbulence (e.g. using ultrasonication) and temperature may additional increase the speed of extraction. NMR analysis also revealed a possible chemical differentiation between cold brew and hot brew using multivariate data analysis. Decreased extraction time and reduced storage times could be beneficial for cold brew product quality as microbiological analysis of commercial samples detected samples with spoilage organisms and contamination with Bacillus cereus.

Subject Areas

coffee; cold brew; nitro cold brew; roasting; extraction; hygiene; risk assessment; NMR; sensory analysis

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