Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Uptake of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine and Intention to Vaccinate Among Healthy Pregnant Women in Serbia: A Cross-Sectional Study on Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitudes

Version 1 : Received: 1 March 2021 / Approved: 2 March 2021 / Online: 2 March 2021 (10:47:19 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Markovic-Denic, L.; Milicevic, S.; Todorovic, J.; Nikolic, V.; Djuric, O.; Marusic, V.; Dugalic, S.; Vasiljevic, B.; Gojnic-Dugalic, M. Uptake of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine and Intention to Vaccinate among Healthy Pregnant Women in Serbia: A Cross-Sectional Study on Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitudes. Viruses 2021, 13, 727. Markovic-Denic, L.; Milicevic, S.; Todorovic, J.; Nikolic, V.; Djuric, O.; Marusic, V.; Dugalic, S.; Vasiljevic, B.; Gojnic-Dugalic, M. Uptake of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine and Intention to Vaccinate among Healthy Pregnant Women in Serbia: A Cross-Sectional Study on Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitudes. Viruses 2021, 13, 727.

Journal reference: Viruses 2021, 13, 727
DOI: 10.3390/v13050727

Abstract

We aimed to assess awareness, knowledge, and attitudes of healthy pregnant women towards human papillomavirus (HPV), to estimate factors associated with a positive attitude towards HPV immunization and to assess the uptake of the vaccine among their children. A cross-sectional study was conducted at the University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Belgrade, Serbia among pregnant women attending their regular gynecological check-ups at the 12th gestational week. Knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccine was assessed using a specifically designed 12-item and 5-item questionnaires. Out of total 265 included women, 79.3% had heard of HPV, and 37.5% knew that HPV vaccine exists. HPV vaccine knowledge score was associated with higher odds for a positive attitude towards vaccination of both female (OR = 4.10, 95% CI 1.50-11.29) and male (OR = 3.71, 95% CI 1.52-9.01) child. The number of children (OR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.04-1.67) and high vaccine knowledge score (OR = 1.64 95% CI 1.13-2.39) were independent predictors associated with willingness to vaccinate child against HPV. The gynecologist was the preferable point of reference for information seeking about the HPV vaccine. Despite relatively high HPV awareness and knowledge among pregnant women in Serbia, about one-third of them are HPV vaccine aware, and are willing to vaccinate their children against HPV.

Keywords

Human papillomavirus; vaccine; pregnancy; attitudes; knowledge

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