Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Smart Nanoparticles in Biomedicine: An Overview of Recent Developments and Applications

Version 1 : Received: 25 February 2021 / Approved: 26 February 2021 / Online: 26 February 2021 (13:31:45 CET)

How to cite: Campora, S.; Ghersi, G. Smart Nanoparticles in Biomedicine: An Overview of Recent Developments and Applications. Preprints 2021, 2021020619 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0619.v1). Campora, S.; Ghersi, G. Smart Nanoparticles in Biomedicine: An Overview of Recent Developments and Applications. Preprints 2021, 2021020619 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0619.v1).

Abstract

Nanotechnology is an emerging field of modern science based on the use of nanoparticles (NPs) with a huge potential in many sectors, including nanomedicine. Their small size confers them unique properties because they are subject to physical laws that are in the middle between classical and quantum physics. In this context, NPs project plays a pivotal role because the composition, size, shape and surface proprieties need to be carefully considered for their optimal design and application. As reported in this review, NPs are classified in inorganic (metallic NPs; quantum dots; carbon-based nanostructures; mesoporous silica nanoparticles) and organic (liposomes and micelles, dendrimers and polymer nanoparticles) ones. Here, we report an accurate description of the potential of each NPs type focusing on their multiple areas of application like theranostics drug delivery, imaging, tissue engineering, antimicrobial techniques and nanovaccines, and therefore they represent a promise to revolutionize the new era of nanomedicine, especially in cancer research.

Subject Areas

Nanotechnology 1; Nanomedicine 2; organic and inorganic nanoparticles 3; drug delivery 4; antitumour therapy5; tissue engineering 6.

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