Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Challenge of Controlling Urban Mosquito-Borne Diseases in a Changing Urban Climate

Version 1 : Received: 25 February 2021 / Approved: 26 February 2021 / Online: 26 February 2021 (08:27:16 CET)

How to cite: Ligsay, A.; Telle, O.; Paul, R. The Challenge of Controlling Urban Mosquito-Borne Diseases in a Changing Urban Climate. Preprints 2021, 2021020596 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0596.v1). Ligsay, A.; Telle, O.; Paul, R. The Challenge of Controlling Urban Mosquito-Borne Diseases in a Changing Urban Climate. Preprints 2021, 2021020596 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0596.v1).

Abstract

Cities worldwide are facing ever-increasing pressure to develop mitigation strategies for all sectors to deal with the impacts of climate change. Cities are expected to house 70% of the world’s population by 2050 and developing related resilient health systems is a significant challenge. Because of their physical nature, cities’ surface temperatures are often substantially higher than that of the surrounding rural areas, generating the so-called Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. Whilst considerable emphasis has been placed on strategies to mitigate against the UHI-associated negative health effects of heat and pollution, the World Health Organization estimates that one of the main consequences of global warming will be an increased burden of such vector-borne diseases. Many of the major mosquito-borne diseases are urban and thus the global population exposed to these pathogens will steadily increase. Mitigation strategies beneficial for one sector may, however, be detrimental for another. Implementation of inter-sectoral strategies that can benefit many sectors (such as water, labour and health) do exist and would enable optimal use of the meagre resources available. Discussion among inter-sectoral stakeholders should be actively encouraged.

Subject Areas

Climate change; Urban Heat Islands; Mosquito-borne Disease; Mitigation Strategies

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