Preprint Concept Paper Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Emergency Management Doctrine

Version 1 : Received: 15 February 2021 / Approved: 17 February 2021 / Online: 17 February 2021 (10:12:25 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 12 July 2021 / Approved: 13 July 2021 / Online: 13 July 2021 (10:07:16 CEST)

How to cite: Redman, D. An Emergency Management Doctrine. Preprints 2021, 2021020367. Redman, D. An Emergency Management Doctrine. Preprints 2021, 2021020367.


Emergency Management has not developed in a cohesive or comprehensive manner. Differing terms are used to name identical concepts. A standard comprehensive doctrine for the important development of emergency management is needed. In this paper I explain a doctrinal framework for emergency management. The paper states a clear identification of the five dimensions, and each of their components, necessary to the informed practice of Emergency Management. Although emergencies vary in cause and severity, the process of Emergency Management necessary for optimal handling of these emergencies varies little. The “All Hazards Approach” to emergency management establishes and reinforces commonality in processes, procedures, planning templates and organizational structure. The three types of agencies associated with emergency management activities are discussed, including the subject matter agency, coordinating agency, and supporting agency. The four critical functions of emergency management are detailed, and include mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery, often all carried out concurrently. The ten activities, and seven resources of emergency management are highlighted. There are many ways to represent the integration of these five dimensions, to ensure completeness, while ensuring clarity; the two most common are described. When experts in Emergency Management follow the doctrine, they can coordinate all those involved to be sure that all aspects of any hazard are considered, and that all organizations/agencies, functions, activities, and resources of Emergency Management are coordinated and optimally active. Following this process is the only way to ensure the best outcomes from any emergency.


All-Hazard; Emergency Management; Mitigation; Preparedness; Recovery; Response


Social Sciences, Safety Research

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