Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Metabolic Effects of Hydrophobic Alginate Derivative and Tetrahydrolipstatin in Rats Fed Diet Supplemented With Palm Fat and Cholesterol

Version 1 : Received: 11 February 2021 / Approved: 17 February 2021 / Online: 17 February 2021 (09:30:49 CET)

How to cite: Marounek, M.; Zdeněk, V.; Taubner, T.; Dušková, D.; Czauderna, M. Metabolic Effects of Hydrophobic Alginate Derivative and Tetrahydrolipstatin in Rats Fed Diet Supplemented With Palm Fat and Cholesterol. Preprints 2021, 2021020350 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0350.v1). Marounek, M.; Zdeněk, V.; Taubner, T.; Dušková, D.; Czauderna, M. Metabolic Effects of Hydrophobic Alginate Derivative and Tetrahydrolipstatin in Rats Fed Diet Supplemented With Palm Fat and Cholesterol. Preprints 2021, 2021020350 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0350.v1).

Abstract

The effects of octadecylamide of alginic acid (amidated alginate) and tetrahydrolipstatin on serum and hepatic cholesterol, and the faecal output of fat and sterols were compared in rats. Amidated alginate is a sorbent of lipids, tetrahydrolipstatin is inhibitor of pancreatic lipase. Rats were fed diets containing cholesterol and palm fat at 10 and 70 g/kg, respectively. Palm fat was provided by coconut meal. Amidated alginate at 40 g/kg diet significantly decreased serum total cholesterol, LDL and hepatic cholesterol, hepatic lipids, and increased faecal output of fat and coprostanol. Tetrahydrolipstatin at 300 mg/kg diet significantly decreased LDL cholesterol, hepatic lipids and increased faecal output of fat. The intake of feed was not significantly influenced, however the weight gains in rats fed amidated alginate was lower than in rats of the control group. Both amidated alginate and tetrahydrolipstatin modified fatty acid profile in excreta lipids. Concentrations of saturated fatty acids were decreased and that of unsaturated fatty acids were increased. Despite different mode of action, amidated alginate and tetrahydrolipstatin were equally efficient in the removing dietary fat from the body.

Subject Areas

amidated alginate; tetrahydrolipstatin; fat; cholesterol; serum; liver; faeces

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